Poetry terms and definitions

lyric poetry
expresses vivid thoughts and feelings but no plot

narrative poetry
tells a story with a genuine plot

dramatic poetry
more like a play which uses techniques of drama such as speaker and conflict to tell a story.

speaker
the imaginary voice assumed by the writer of a poem; may be a person, animal, thing or abstraction.

musical poetry
uses elements of sound to produce the desired effect.

onomatopoeia
the use of words to imitate actual sounds.

alliteration
repetition of the first sound of several words.

consonance
repetition of similar consonant sounds within words and especially at the ends of accented syllables

assonance
repetition of similar vowel sounds

meter
formal organization of rhythms; a pattern of alternating stressed and unstressed syllables

repetition
repeated words or phrases

rhyme
words that end the same sounds.

simile
compares unlike things using the word like or as.

metaphor
makes a comparison by writing or speaking about one thing as if it were another

personification
describes an object, animal, or idea as if it had human characteristics.

apostrophe
the speaker or narrator directly addresses a person who is not present or a thing or an abstraction.

rhyme scheme
pattern of rhymes expressed with letters of the alphabet for each specific rhyme

stanza
sub-part of a poem – like a paragraph

euphemism
a mild, indirect, or vague term in the place of one considered harsh, blunt, or offensive

idiom
a local expression whose meanings literal meaning is different from the actual usage meaning.