poetry terms and examples

Something that stands for or represents another thing.

A partial rhyme in which the stressed vowel sounds are alike but the consonant sounds are unlike: hate, make

A direct or indirect reference to something historical, literary, religious, or mythical in a work of poetry.

An accpeted phrase or expression contrary to the usual patterns of the language or having a meaning different from the literal.

A figure of speech involving a comparison between unlike things using like, as, or as though.

A figure of speech in which a thing, quality of idea is represented as a person, or have qualities of a person.

The formation of a word by imitating the natural sound associated with the object or action involved.

Figure of speech containing an implied comparison.

A figure of speech involving exaggeration used for effect, not meant to be taken literally.

The repetition of an initial sound, usually of a consonant, in two or more words of a phrase or line of poetry.

Assonance example: A figure of speech involving exaggeration
I rose and told him of my woe

hyperbole example
…He is older than the hills, Our new school is large enough to have its own zip code, It’s raining cats and dogs

Metaphor example
All the world’s stage, and all the men and women merely players; Her home was a prison; He has a heart of gold.

Onomatopoeia example
Baa, baa, black sheep…

Personification example
The yellow leaves flaunted their color gaily in the breeze.

simile example
Life is like a box of chocolates, cute as a kitten, as blind as a bat, She hung her head like a dying flower.

Alliteration example
Becky’s beagle barked and bayed, becoming bothersome for Billy.

Symbol example
He is a rock, Life is a roller coaster, Time is money

Allusion example
I violated the Noah rule: predicting rain doesn’t count; building arks does.

Idiom examples
He kicked the bucket = he died. She rubbed me the wrong way= I did not get a good impression of her. I jumped the gun = I started something too early

the repetition of sounds at the ends of words

Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)

a group of lines in a poem

a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet

a kind of humorous verse of five lines, in which the first, second, and fifth lines rhyme with each other, and the third and fourth lines, which are shorter, form a rhymed couplet

a song or songlike poem that tells a story

a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme

the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements

A unit of speech heard as a single sound; one “beat” of a word or phrase.

a major form of Japanese verse, written in 17 syllables divided into 3 lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables, and employing highly evocative allusions and comparisons, often on the subject of nature or one of the seasons.

the feelings or emotions surrounding a word

witty language used to convey insults or scorn

phrases or sentences of a similar construction/meaning placed side by side, balancing each other

two words pronounced the same way but differing in meaning or spelling or both (e.g. bare and bear)