Poetry Terms review sheet

Alliteration
the use of the same letter or sound at the beginning of words

allusion
an indirect or passing reference

anaphora
repetition of word(s) at the beginning of lines, clauses, or sentences

assonance
repetition of vowel sounds within words

blank verse
unrhymed lines in iambic pentameter

cataloging
list of people, things, or attributes

conceit
compares two things without like or as at length and in multiple ways

consonance
repetition of consonant sounds within and at the ends of words

diction
writer or speaker’s choice of words; includes vocab and syntax

elegy
poem in tribute to someone who has usually died with a formal/dignified tone

enjambment
continuation of a sentence without pause at the end

explicate
analyze in detail

figurative langauge
language used to create special effect

foot
each unit of repetition

form
conventional(fixed or closed): the physical arrangement of words in a poem

form
organic (irregular or open) other types of patterning in poetry from rhyme to design in traditional poems

free verse
poetry without structure/meter and doesn’t rhyme

hyperbole
exaggerations not meant to be taken literally

imagery
visually descriptive language

lyric poem
poem of songlike quality

metaphor
comparison of two things without using “like” or “as”

meter
iamb: u/
trochee: /u
anapest: uu/
dactyl: /uu
monometer: 1
dimeter: 2
trimeter:3
tetrameter: 4
pentameter: 5
hexameter: 6

mood
atmosphere or tone of a work

onomatopoeia
word that relates to a sound associated with its named

parallelism
corresponding in some way; same grammatical structure to relate different ideas that relate to a topic (type of repetition)

personification
giving human-like qualities to inanimate objects

protest poetry
to go against established values/ideas

repetition
restating something that has already been said or written

rhyme
internal rhyme: occurs within middle of line

rhyme
end rhyme: rhyme at end of sentence/line

rhyme scheme
order of rhyme pattern

rhythm
order of rhyme pattern; A musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables (meter) or by the repetition of words and phrases or even whole lines or sentence

scansion
scanning a line to determine rhythm

simile
comparison using “like” or “as” of one thing to a different kind

slant rhyme
words that almost rhyme, but do not really

sound devices
used to convey/reinforce meaning or experience though use of sounds

stanza
group of lines that form verses

structure
arrangement or organization

style
way of using language

theme
subject of a piece of writing

tone
feeling reader gets from work