Poetry Terms – Sound Devices

alliteration
the repetition of CONSONANT sounds
ex: lonely lands

assonance
the repetition of VOWEL sounds
ex: go slowly

consonance
the repetition of middle/final CONSONANT sounds
ex: hat sit

rhyme
repetition of sounds at the end of words

end rhyme
occurs when the rhyming word/s come at the end of lines

slant rhyme
rhyme in which either the vowel or the consonants of stressed syllables are identical (look like they should rhyme, but they don’t)
ex: grove, love

approximate near half off imperfect
types of slant rhymes (5)

eye rhyme
based on similarity of spelling rather than sound – conventional, reflecting historical changes in pronunciation: love/move/prove, why/envy

internal rhyme
occurs when the rhyming words appear in the same line

rhyme scheme
a regular patter of rhyming words in a poem, indicated by using different letters of the alphabet for each new rhyme (abab, aabb, ab ab cd cd)

repetition
the use of any element of language- a word, sound, phrase, clause, or sentence – more than once

refrain
repeat, the repetition of a line, phrase or group of lines throughout a poem, usually after each stanza

onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds
ex: whirr, thud, sizzle, hiss