Poetry Test #1

Definition: A comparison made with “as,” “like,” or “than.”

Scarier than a bat
Crazy as a baboon
fought like cats and dogs.

Definition: A figure of speech in which the poet describes a non-living thing as if it were a person.

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Flowers danced about the lawn.

Definition: A comparison that is without words such as “like,” “as,” or “than.”

the curtain of night
Sea of grief

Figure of Speech
Definition: An expressive, non-literal use of language such as hyperbole, irony, metaphor, and simile.

Definition: Something, usually a physical object that represents an abstract concept or idea.

Harrys scar symbolizes what unique about him, his bravery

Free Verse
Definition: Non-metrical, non-rhyming lines that closely follow the natural rhythms of speech.

After the Sea-Ship—after the whistling winds;
After the white-gray sails, taut to their spars and ropes,
Below, a myriad, myriad waves, hastening, lifting up their necks,
Tending in ceaseless flow toward the track of the ship:
Waves of the ocean, bubbling and gurgling, blithely prying,

Definition: A grouping of lines separated from others in a poem.


When there is a space between the paragraphs

End Stopped Line
Definition: A metrical line ending at a grammatical boundary or break—such as a dash or closing parenthesis—or with punctuation such as a colon, a semicolon, or a period.

A line usually having a punctuation and you pause

Definition: The running over of a sentence or phrase from one poetic line to the next, without terminal punctuation; the opposite of end-stopped.

A line without punctuation usually with no pause

Definition: A central or recurring image or action in a literary work that is shared by other works and may serve an overall theme.

Example: Gullivers travels and the hobbit represent long journys

Definition: The repetition of a word or words at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or lines.

Example:in the bible it says o lord ALOT

Definition: The repetition of initial stressed, consonant sounds in a series of words within a phrase or verse line.

Example: we saw the sea sound sing

Definition: The rhythmical pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in verse.

da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM
My first best friend is Aw ful Ann
My fifth best friend is Ted the Toad

Definition: A figure of speech in which the sound of a word imitates its sense

Example: Choo Choo or Buzz

Poetic License
Definition: A poet’s departure from the rules of grammar, syntax, and vocabulary in order to maintain a metrical or rhyme scheme

There once was a girl with no fanny,
Who had a hard time getting tanny.

Tanny is not a real word

Definition: The thing or idea a poem concerns or represents.

Example: the subject of a thanksgiving poem is thanksgiving

Rhyme Scheme
Definition: A rhyme scheme is usually the pattern of end rhymes in a stanza, with each rhyme encoded by a letter of the alphabet (ABBA BCCB)

My cat is nice. a
My cat likes mice. a
My cat is fat. b
I like my cat. B

Eye Rhyme
Definition: rhymes only when spelled, not when pronounced.

Example: through & rough

End Rhyme
Definition: the most common type, is the rhyming of the final syllables of a line.

And here on this turning of the stair
Between passion and doubt,
I pause and say a double prayer,
One for you, and one for you;
And so they cancel out.

Feminine Rhyme
Definition: applies to the rhyming of one or more unstressed syllables

Dicing & enticing

Masculine Rhyme
Definition: describes those rhymes ending in a stressed syllable (most common type of rhyme).

Hells & bells

Half Rhyme
Definition: the rhyming of the ending consonant sounds in a word

Tell & toll
Stopped & leapt

Identical Rhyme
Definition: uses the same word, identical in sound and in sense, twice in rhyming positions.


Internal Rhyme
Definition: rhyme within a single line of verse When a word from the middle of a line is rhymed with a word at the end of the line.


Definition: A short poem intended for an inscription on a tombstone or a brief elegy.


Definition: A brief song of lamentation or grief to be performed at a funeral.


Definition: It a melancholy or sad poem that laments (or grieves) the subject’s death.