person who narrates a poem
The way the writer uses language to reflect his or her unique personality and attitude toward a topic.
The difference between appearance and reality.
The poet’s choice of words and how those word choices express ideas and emotions.
Something is known by the reader or audience but is unknown to the characters.
A character says one thing but means another
irony of situation
An event occurs that violates the expectations of the characters, the reader, or the audience.
methods to discover tone
You can read aloud, notice and identify the words that stand out and think about the connotation of words, consider the speaker of the poem, and compare and contrast the poem’s themes or subjects with those of others
time, place, and the details used to create a particular sense of place and time
words or phrases that describe how something looks, sounds, feels, tastes, or smells
Why might a poet use sensory details?
to help establish setting
What is context?
Conditions in which the poem occurs. It is related tosetting but focuses more on the environment of the time and place.
the time period in which the poem was written or of the events it describes
the culture of the poet, speaker, or subject of the poem
a formal poem lamenting a death
a traditional Japanese poem of five lines and thirty-one syllables
a poem intended to honor or praise someone or something
a 14-line poem typically written in iambic pentameter
poem made up of four line rhyming stanzas that tells a story
a poem that tells a story
special type of narrative poetry that relies on elements of drama, such as monologue or dialogue, to tell the story
expresses the emotions of the speaker and tends to be musical in style
a passage of prose that is so poetic in nature that the line between poetry and prose is blurred
a type of lyric poetry that is free from regular rhyme, meter, or stanza division
unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
a comparison between two dissimilar objects using the word like or as
a comparison between two dissimilar objects without usingthe word like or as
a comparison of two things that are alike in some ways butmostly very different
a figure of speech in which an animal, idea, or thing is givenhuman characteristics
an example of something standing for both itself andsomething else
literary overstatement or exaggeration
a work in which all the characters, events, or setting symbolize something else
the language used in literature that creates mental pictures inside the mind of the reader
a pattern of rhymes at the end of lines
the repetition of vowel sounds
a similarity in consonant sounds in non-rhyming words
the same sound repeated at the beginning of several words
the use of words or phrases that sound like the things that they refer to
repeating a word or phrase