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2 Main effects form can have on a poem
1. creates a visual effect that reinforces a poem’s message. 2. effects the sound of a poem by creating rhythm
3 Genres of Poetry
Narrative, Lyrical, and Dramatic
Tells a story or recounts events.
Like fiction, it includes a plot, characters, and setting. (Ex. The Cookie Thief, Casey At the Bat)
Verse that relies heavily upon dramatic elements such as a monologue or dialogue. It may also tell a story, but focuses more on character. (Ex. Shakespeare’s Plays, Job)
Poetry that presents the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker. (Ex.
A type of narrative poetry that tells a story. It is meant to be sung or recited (read aloud).
A long narrative poem about the adventures of a hero whose actions reflect the ideas and values of a nation or group.
A type of lyrical poetry that addresses broad, serious themes such as justice, truth, or beauty.
A poem of a more formal structure containing 14 lines with a specific scheme and meter.
The Sonnet (which means “little song” can be used for a variety of topics.
Poetry without a regular pattern of rhyme, rhythm, or meter. It is used for a variety of topics.
A poem that follows a specific pattern of lines and which is created by following a specific formula.
Any poetry comprised of unrhymed lines all in the same meter. (Ex.
Rhyme that occurs at the end of lines
Rhyme that occurs within a single line of poetry, when two or more words in the same line of a poem rhyme
Two or more words that don’t completely rhyme, but parts (a syllable or two) of them rhyme; or words that sound similar, but are not exactly the same (Ex. purple and turtle)
Figures of speech that pertain to the words sound in a line of poetry. They are used by poets to add to or reinforce the meaning or feeling of poetry.
The regular patter of rhyme between lines of a poem, a pattern that is consistent THROUGHOUT the poem.
A literary device in which a sound, syllable, word phrase, line, or stanza is repeated.
Found in most poetry, it is used to provide sound, emphasize an idea, or convey a certain feeling.
Types of Repetition
Rhyme, Consonance, Assonance, Alliteration
A literary device in which the same consonant sound is repeated two or more times in short succession.The sounds do not have to immediately follow each other.
A form of repetition in which a rhyming vowel sound is repeated inside the lines of a poem
The repetition of consonant or vowel sounds at the beginning of words.
Words and phrases that appeal to the 5 senses. Poets use it to create a picture in the reader’s mind or to remind the reader of a familiar sound, smell, or sensation (positive or negative).
A tool an author or poet uses to help the reader create a visual image of something; a word or phrase that departs from everyday literal language for the sake of comparison, clarification, or freshness
Giving human qualities, feelings, actions, or characteristics to an non-human object
Comparing one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make descriptive words more emphatic or vivid. Uses words: like, as, or than
A figure of speech in which a word or a phrase is applied to an object that isn’t literally applicable
The use of words whose sounds echo their meaning.
An exaggeration or overstatement to produce an effect without being taken literally
A comparison between things that are alike in some way
A literary device in which a poet/author uses symbols to represent ideas or qualities or emotions
An expression that has been established by common usage to have a meaning different from the literal meaning of its words
An expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally means the opposite, typically for humorous effect or emphasis
The created atmosphere or overall feeling of a poem or other literature.
A poem that follows a specific pattern of lines and which is created following a specific formula.
A poem in which each letter of the main word or words that the poem is about is used as the first letter of each line of the poem.
The main word or words can be found by reading vertically down the page
A poem with 4 lines, The first two lines rhyme and the second two rhyme, creating an AABB rhyme scheme.
A type of formula poetry in which the parts of speech are used to create a 7 line poem about a noun.
A five line poem with a specific formula (Noun, 2 adjectives, 3 verbs, a four word phrase, synonym for the noun)
A form of ancient Japanese poetry. It traditionally has 3 lines, does not rhyme, and deals with nature. Each line has a fixed number of syllables (5-7-5)