Poetry Unit/Wakefield Middle School/8th grade English

What is poetry?
Poetry is the best words in the best order

What does poetry usually, but not always, contain?
Rhymes

What parts are always in a poem?
Rhythm(beat), author’s feelings, arranged in a formation or pattern

What is the main purpose of poetry?
It is a sharing of images and ideas.

What are the ways to appreciate poetry?
1.) Ask questions, 2.) Clarify meanings(symbols), listen for music, 3.) Summarize(What happened), 4.)Paraphrase(put into own words), 5.) Respond to it.

verse
a line of poetry or poetry itself

prose
writing that is not poetry

stanzas
paragraphs or divided sections of a poem.(lines relate)

refrain
repetition of lines, phrases or stanzas at regular intervals

meter
strict rhyme pattern, iambic-metrical pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

tone
feeling of the words(sad, happy,silly)

theme
the message of the poem.

rhyme
words with the same ending sounds

slant rhymes
approximate rhyme, not an exact rhyme

rhyme scheme
pattern of end rhymes in lines of poetry(like a limerick…aabba)

imagery
language that appeals to 5 senses

simile
comparison between 2 unlike things using “like” or “as”

metaphor
comparison between 2 unlike things NOT using “like” or “as”.

personification
bringing something to life by giving it human abilities or traits

alliteration
repetition of the beginning sounds of a word in a line of verse

onomatopoeia
letters put together to represent a sound

hyperbole
extreme exaggeration to make a point

assonance
repetition of vowel sounds that are close together in a line of verse

repetition
repeated words or phrases for emphasis or effect.

Ballad
long, dramatic poem that focuses on 1 incident(usually sung)

What is the formation pattern of a ballad?
4 lines/1 stanza with 1 pair of rhymes in lines 2 & 4

Concrete Poetry
Words of the poem are arranged in a shape that represents or symbolizes the subject of the poem.

Couplet
2 lines of verse that rhymes

Extended metaphor
comparison between 2 unlike things that goes on for several lines or pages

Free verse
poems that do not rhyme

What do free verse poems depend on?
Rhythm and cadence

Haiku
Japanese poetry with exactly 17 syllables that describes one thing in nature.

How are the Haiku syllables arranged?
3-lined pattern(5,7,5). Words have strong imagery

Limerick
light ,humorous, 5 lined poem

Which lines of a limerick rhyme
Lines 1, 2, & 5. Lines 3 rhyme with line 4.

What is the rhyme scheme of a limerick
aabba

Lyric
ancient greek word “lyre”, which was a small muscial harp used to accompany the singing of the lyrics.

What is special about lyric poems?
Poems are melodic or musical songs

What are some examples of lyric poetry
Songs, sonnets, odes, hymns

Narrative poem
tells a story and is usually quite long

Sonnet
14 line poem with 1 theme, like love , hate, death, broken hearts…etc.