poetry/fiction terms

poetry
a type of literature that expresses ideas,feelings, or tells a story in a specific form; usually using lines and stanzas

poet
the author of the poem

speaker
the “narrator” of the poem

form
the appearance of the words on the page

line
a group of words together on a line of a poem

stanza
a group of lines arranged together

imagery
language that appeals to the senses

calligram
making a word come alive

concrete poem
a poem that reflects its topic

personification
giving an object life

characterization
two types of characterization, direct and indirect

direct characterization
when the author directly tells us about the character

indirect characterization
when the author leaves hints about the character through actions which then tells us about the character in our minds

man vs. man (conflict)
when one character gets into a fight with another character

man vs. nature (conflict)
when a character gets a disease or sickness that they can’t do anything about (something nature related)

man vs. himself (conflict)
when a character struggles with sin or emotions

man vs. society (conflict)
when a character struggles with a law or the government

conflict
when a character or characters has a problem about four items man,nature,himself, or the society

plot
revising a story in sections

exposition
background information that happens before the story begins

inciting incident
the turning point to the rising action

rising action
the action that leads up to the main point

climax
the main point in the story

falling action
the action that leads down to the end of the story

denouement (resolution)
the closing point of the story