Pollution 08/11/17 Mohd.Shibin Introduction Pollution is the introduction of cantonments in to thenature surroundings, which brings about changes that affects our normallifestyle adversely. Pollutants are the key elements or components of pollutionwhich are generally waste materials of different forms.Pollutions occurs in different forms such as, air, water,soil, noise, radioactive energy, heat and light. Pollution may muddylandscapes, poison soils and water ways, or kill plants and animals and evenhumans are regularly harmed due to pollution.
Major kinds of pollutions are · Air pollution· Water pollution· Soil pollution· Thermal pollution· Radioactive pollution· Noise pollution Types and causes ofpollution Air pollution: The contaminations of the air present in theatmosphere are known as air pollution. Respiration is a very is a process ofall living things and therefore if the air around us is contaminated withpoisonous gases, it has fetal effects on us. Air pollution is the mostprominent and dangerous form of pollution. A huge amount of chemical substances are released into theair everyday due to burning of fuel such as cooking, driving, etc. this pollutethe air. Burning of discarded plastic, rubber, and wood releases carcinogenicgases into the atmosphere and it had been very harmful.
Industries release somegases like sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide which mix with the air and causeacid rain due to temperature changes.Prevention of air pollutionUse of catalytic converters invehicle, planting trees, recycle and buy products which can be recycled,prevent burning wood for wood store it can be replaced with newer models whichare more efficient and if you are burning a wood. Burn the right wood in theright way to prevent pollution, use eco friendly products etc. these are fewways to prevent air pollution. Water pollutionWater pollution are the type ofpollution that involves the contamination of various water bodies.
Add variousaquatic creatures depend on those water bodies and due to the contaminatedwater bodies these aquatic creatures are affected. Almost 60% of the specieslive in water bodies and they need these species need natural nutritiousfeatures to support its life but due to water pollution these natural nutrientsare not found. Thus creatures living in water bodies are dying.Oil tankers spilled the oil intoocean and damaged by a human error and it’s a long time damaged to the oceanand the oil is lighter than water and floated on water forming a layer of oilon the top of water. This layer blocked sunlight. Industrial wastes got dumpedinto water and the chemical imbalance in the water lead to death of the aquaticbeings.
Prevention of water pollutionSewage treatment that is household water should be treated properly so the environment become safe. Beingmore cautious of dumping contaminants on to water. Water treatment plant arebeing constructed with innovative to clean polluted water but it will never befully treats its always better to prevent water pollution as water is basicneed for the survival of man.
Soil pollutionStripped soil from its naturalfertility by using artificial chemicals like pesticides, insecticides, ripeningagents etc. insecticides, pesticides and other artificial chemical absorbed thenitrogen through the soil on which the plants depend on for their nutrients andthis made the soil unfit for growth of plants.Plants helped the soil to holdtogether firmly so if plants cant grow the soil splits and leads to soilerosion.Prevention of soil pollutionContribute less waste, purchaseless plastic and glass other reusable container instead of throwing awayplastic or paper after single use. Recycle paper and plastic. This will preventof slow down soil pollution.
Thermal pollution Temperature raised in the ecosystemdue to the release of excessive heat energy into the environment by artificialmethods and natural disasters. Mostly manufactures from industries a lot ofheat energy, which had transferred to the air and water bodies. And alsocombustion engines from vehicle released a lot of heat energy. This causeddeforestation and air pollution. This increased the temperature, causingdrastic climatic changes and even animals got extinct.Prevention of thermal pollutionUse less electricity because powerplants are the main reason behind growing thermal pollution. Cogeneration isalso a wonderful idea to combat thermal pollution. It is that the useless heatfrom hot water can be recycled and used smartly in many tasks by industries.
Radio active pollutionRadioactive pollution occurredwhen radioactive metal disintegrate released dangerous beta rays which can cancause cancer and other harmful diseases. These types of pollution occurred bydumping of radioactive waste from nuclear power plants into water bodies. Itcaused cancer, infertility, blindness, defect at the time of birth.Prevention of radioactivepollutionWash your body parts with soap and lukewarm water. Nuclear power plants and nuclear weapons should be banned inthe country. High fines for power plants of nuclear that release radioactivepollution.
And it’s a big way to clear out the radioactive pollution.Noise pollutionWe can experiences this when vehicle hook, heavy machineries,train club etc. Transportation vehicles noise are found more in the cities dueto different mode of transportation. eg- bus, car, train etc.
buildings and constructionsites near residential areas caused a lot of sound making equipments.PreventionTo prevent noise pollution its is necessary to create publicawareness only laws is not sufficient the people should be aware of its harmfulconsequences. There should be a limit on sounds if it goes beyond it, it will cause deafness. So they should beaware of it.