psychologist suggests using an incentive system, providing individualized help that efficiently supports the learning of each student and using body language to convey behavioral messages as strategies that may decrease off-task behaviors during independent practice times?
Nitza Hidalgo, an educational theorist, tells us that there are the three levels of culture that can be identified as influential in the way students learn. What are these levels?
Concrete, Behavioral and Symbolic
Early theories regarding the phases of moral development were typically male-centered. Which theorist recognized this and proposed the stages of ethical care to address the phases of moral development as they relate to women?
Carefully constructing a seating chart, establishing daily classroom routines and directly teaching the classroom rules are examples of what?
Preventative measures that could minimize the occurrence of undesirable behaviors
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Mrs. Strand has been a sixth-grade English teacher for eleven years. There are several students in the classroom that are not being successful though they seem to be capable and are on-task.
Mrs. Strand invites a colleague in to observe her teaching so that she can get some peer feedback on how to improve her instructional methods. After the students leave for the day, Mrs. Strand and her colleague sit down to discuss the lesson. The colleague’s notes mention that Mrs.
Strand lectured for more than half the block. Several of the students had raised their hands, and Mrs. Strand asked them to wait until the end of her lesson to ask questions.
Those students did not ask their questions when she prompted for them at the end of the lesson. Additionally, she worked quietly at her desk grading papers while the students completed their independent work. They turned in their work and moved on to approved free-time activities.
Which of the following strategies is NOT appropriate to address Mrs. Strand’s areas of weakness in her instructional delivery?
Give the students a quiz at the end of the instructional period and assign mandatory tutoring to any students that do not pass
According to Piaget, which of the following characteristics is likely NOT indicative of a student that is a formal operational thinker?
Requires the use of math manipulatives to solve math problems
Which teacher behaviors below demonstrate “with-it-ness” according to Jacob Kounin? –
Having good classroom management skills and well-paced lessons
Andrew, a fourth grader, is showing signs commonly seen in young children experiencing depression. Despite the fact that he is successful in his academics, has a healthy home-life and has all of his physical needs met, he does not appear to have any friends.
He cries often for reasons that are unapparent and wanders off to sit away from the other students during lunch and recess. According to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, which of the following needs are likely not being met and are, therefore, hindering his self-actualization?
Belongingness and love needs
According to Piaget’s theory of development, at what stage of cognitive development are most children in Kindergarten and the first grade functioning?
Teachers that demonstrate positive classroom management skills understand the difference between punishment and discipline. Which of the following characteristics are indicative of discipline?
Is based on logical consequences and centers on the student –
As the students within Mr. Shore’s third-grade class entered the room, they immediately noticed that the room had been rearranged from rows into groups of four. Each grouping had a red envelope on top of one of the desks. The envelope had “Top Secret” written on the front. Mr. Shore dodged their questions and asked everyone to select a seat and wait until morning announcements were finished.
At that time, he announced that today’s math lesson would end with a word problem whose answer was inside their red envelopes. He then whispers that all students whose answers are correct will receive a class privilege or reward, though he will not be specific. Students are advised that opening the envelope before being told to would immediately disqualify them from the reward associated with the correct answer. The most likely reason Mr. Shore is using this instructional strategy is to
Stimulate curiosity in the lesson and therefore increase student engagement
The following are all non-verbal forms of communication which can be used as part of an effective classroom management system EXCEPT A. Proximity control B. Eye contact C.
Signaling D. Parent contact
D. Parent contact
All of the following are questioning techniques which teachers may use to stimulate learning among their students EXCEPT A. Students generate questions prior to a lesson B.
Providing one full second of wait time for students to generate a response C. The teacher prompts other students to answer a peer’s question D. Use sentence stems from a variety of knowledge levels on Bloom’s taxonomy
B. Providing one full second of wait time for students to generate a response
Tanya has finished her course work and is sitting in the reading area of her classroom. She is reading an anthology of children’s poetry and laughs quietly at the silliness of some of them.
She enjoys saying the poems aloud and wants to share one of them with a friend that is also in the reading area. Tanya is demonstrating the stance of a(n) A. Literal reader B. Concrete reader C. Aesthetic reader D. Efferent reader
Mrs. Collins is a sixth-grade English teacher that has become frustrated with Tifton, a student that frequently disrupts her lessons with inappropriate comments. One day, after redirecting him non-verbally three times within a fifteen minute period, she observes that he is continuing to talk to any neighbor who will listen. After he makes a farting noise, she begins to address him by raising her voice and admonishing him for interrupting her lesson “yet again.” Tifton stood up, told Mrs. Collins that nobody was going to talk to him in that manner and left the room saying that he was going to go talk to the principal. Which of the following is most likely Tifton’s motivation for his reaction to her frustrated redirection? A.
Tifton may have been attempting to “save face” in front of his peers B. Tifton misses his mother and would like to speak to her C. Tifton would like to visit with the principal D. Tifton did not complete his coursework and does not want Mrs. Collins to know
A. Tifton may have been attempting to “save face” in front of his peers
When preparing students to communicate academically, it is appropriate to question at the knowledge level of Bloom’s taxonomy. These types of questions require that students use their memory and promote factual recall. All of the following strategies can be used for improving memory and are at the knowledge level of Bloom’s taxonomy EXCEPT A.
Creating mental imagery B. Using mnemonic devices C. Reciting content repeatedly out loud D. Completing a Venn Diagram-
D. Completing a Venn Diagram
Under such legislation as the FAPE provision of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1974, which of the following rights are protected? A.
The student’s right to receive free tutoring services B. The student’s right to attend private schools at no cost to the parent C. The guardians’ right to access their child’s educational records D. The right to receive free or reduced lunches based upon financial need
The guardians’ right to access their child’s educational records
Attending educational conferences, reading professional journals and research summaries, subscribing to educational magazines and holding congenial discussions relating to new practices with peer teachers are all ways in which teachers demonstrate the characteristics of A.
A mentor B. A lifelong learner C. An advocate D.
B. A lifelong learner
_________________ were mid-15th century books made of a wooden paddle, parchment containing the lesson and a cover made of a transparent sheet of horn. A. Primers B. Hornbooks C.
Readers D. Paddlebooks
The National Teachers Association was established by educators in Philadelphia in 1862. It was founded with all of the following goals EXCEPT A. Support the concept of public education for all U.S. citizens B.
Generate advancements within the teaching profession C. Provide parents with legal rights in regard to their child’s education D. Create interest in the teaching profession
C. Provide parents with legal rights in regard to their child’s education
The work of Lewis Terman (1877-1956) is credited with beginning the testing movement.
Which of the following is NOT true regarding the professional career of Terman? A. Terman introduced the Stanford-Binet intelligence test B. Terman formalized the special education referral process C. Terman coined the term intelligence quotient (IQ) D. Terman created the Stanford Achievement Test (SAT)
Terman formalized the special education referral process
Which report, written in 1983 by the National Commission on Excellence in Education, provided research-supported evidence that American schools were falling farther behind schools of other countries? A. A Nation at Risk B. No Child Left Behind C. Section 504 D. Space Race Initiative
A. A Nation at Risk
What are the five stages of the SQ3R note-taking strategy as they are cued by the acronym? A. Survey, question, read, recite and review B.
Scan, question, read, review and recap C. Study, quiz, review, recite and reassess D. Study, question, read, rewrite and review –
A. Survey, question, read, recite and review
ome school districts are minimizing the use of homework as a means of providing students extra practice in newly-acquired content and skills. However, the proponents of homework would argue that these districts are eliminating an integral part of the instructional model. Which of the following statements would best support the use of homework as an essential educational practice as it relates to student learning? A. Homework gives students activities that will keep them busy and out of trouble outside of school.
B. Homework demonstrates to students how important it is that they study for tests every day. C. Homework allows teachers to introduce new concepts and check for understanding when the homework is turned in. D.
It provides extended practice that reinforces newly-learned concepts and helps identify areas where students need further instruction.
D. It provides extended practice that reinforces newly-learned concepts and helps identify areas where students need further instruction.
Best practices support the inclusion of several components within effective teacher lesson plans. Some components are viewed as supplemental, rather than essential. Which of the following components issupplemental in nature, rather than essential? A. Instructional objectives B. Interdisciplinary activities C.
Methods of assessing mastery D. Guided practice activities
It is important to include an anticipatory set, also known as a set induction, when planning for a lesson or a unit of lessons. The purpose of an anticipatory set is to: A. Pre-assess for the students’ mastery levels before beginning a new concept. B.
Create appropriate test questions so that the lesson plans target the standards. C. Assess the students’ abilities in making predictions related to the upcoming lesson. D. Activate the students’ prior knowledge and to spur interest in the topics covered.
Activate the students’ prior knowledge and to spur interest in the topics covered.
Mr. Crofton is trying to find a graphic organizer that will help his students to identify the chain of events within a butterfly’s life as he is reading Eric Carle’s The Very Hungry Caterpillar.
Which of the following graphic organizers should Mr. Crofton use? A. Cause-and-effect map B. Cycle map C.
Sequence diagram D. Continuum
B. Cycle map
According to Bloom’s taxonomy, the most advanced category of questioning is: A. Comprehension. B. Knowledge.
C. Application. D.
Which of the following graphic organizers would best allow students to log the effects of a variety of chemicals on a series of compounds? A.
Story map B. Sequence diagram C. Matrix D. Venn Diagram –
McMullin has assigned an essay to be written on the causes of the Revolutionary War between the American colonists and Great Britain. He will score the students on several dimensions, including their use of prior knowledge, their application of principals, their use of original source material to support their point of view and the actual composition. This type of scoring is commonly referred to as A. Holistic scoring B.
Raw scoring C. Scaled scoring D. Analytical scoring
D. Analytical scoring
When students demonstrate that they are capable of using previously acquired knowledge in either a new situation or context, they are said to demonstrate: A. Transference B. Reciprocity C.
Expansion D. Alternate application –
One of the core purposes of providing direct instruction oncurrent technologies is to: A. Prepare students to function in the real world and to access higher paying jobs.
B. Teach students shortcuts so that they can achieve more in less time. C. Increase the students’ self- esteem D. Create competiveness among the student body.
A. Prepare students to function in the real world and to access higher paying jobs.
As a culminating activity on a unit on the drafting of the United States Bill of Rights, Mr. Conden’s class works as a single group to create a Student Bill of Rights. At which level of Bloom’s taxonomy would this activity be categorized? A. Application B.
Analysis C. Evaluation D. Synthesis –
Which of the following assessment types isused prior to instruction in order to identify students’ areas of strength and difficulty so that teacherscan make informed decisions as they plan instruction or form educational judgments? A. Diagnostic evaluations B.
Self-evaluations C. Formative evaluations D. Summative evaluations