Pre Islamic Poetry

Qsida
ode or poem, has 3 parts

Mu’allaqa
seven long Arabic qasida that have come down from the time before Islam

Ritha’
eulogy, someone who has passed away

Hija’
criticising or attacking someone

Nasib
prelude, intro

Rahil
the journey

Fakhr/madih
praise (of tribe or person)

Shi’r
poetry

Sha’ir
poet

Markers of a nasib
ruined abodes, names and locations, mood (melancholy), lost love or lover, questions, departure of women

Labid
a poet (first poem)

al-Nabigha
a poet (second poem)

al-Mutajarraida
queen, the wife

al-Nu’man
the king

Orality and cultural importance
spoken word, many could not read and/or write. Their nomadic lifestyle creates a need for an oral culture which lends itself to poetry over other forms of literature. The rhythm helps to make the poetry easier to recall. Poems are self preserved within the mind.