Prince – Poetry Elements

free verse poetry
poetry that does not use regular rhyme, fixed line length, or rhythm

slant rhyme (near rhyme)
an imperfect rhyme that is not exact, but sounds alike overall Ex. heart / shark

internal rhyme
a rhyme that occurs within a line of poetry

end rhyme
occurs at the end of the lines of poetry

rhyme scheme
the pattern of end rhymes in a poem

rhythm
a musical quality produced by a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables or by repetition of other sound patterns

meter
a regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry

stanza
a group of lines together in a poem

refrain
A phrase, line, or group of lines repeated at intervals throughout a song or poem, especially at the end of each stanza

repetition
repeating key words or phrases to emphasize and connect important ideas

onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sounds imitate or suggest their meaning ex. Boom! rustle

alliteration
the same sound starting several words in sequence

idiom
a figure of speech whose meaning is completely different from what its words seem to say
-she spilled the beans

hyperbole / exaggeration
describing something as more _____ than it really is; an overstatement for effect.

personification
giving human qualities to nonhuman or nonliving things
Ex. the sun sleepily lifted itself over the horizon

simile
a comparison between two unlike things using like or as (or than) Ex. “My face looks like a wedding-cake left out in the rain.” – W.H. Auden

metaphor
a comparison between two unlike things stating that one thing is something else Ex. His heart was a crate full of broken glass and mouse droppings.

pun
a play on words, sometimes on different senses of the same word and sometimes on the similar sense or sound of different words ex. nacho cheese = not your cheese