PROJECT APPROVALThis report is submitted to the faculty of Electrical &Electronic Engineering Technology Department of Jubail Industrial College as apartial fulfillments for the degree of Bachelor in Instrumentation &Control Engineering Technology Engineering. AcknowledgmentsFirst and foremost, the greatest thanks to Allah for the blessingso that we are able to finish our senior project. We are using this opportunityto express our special appreciated and gratitude to everyone rather direct orindirect in helping us to complete our senior project. Special thanks and appreciation to the project team supervisor Mr.Khaleel Masaid for his encouragement, guidance, and inspiration. We just wantto say that, you are not only our teacher or supervisor, you are our friend,authority and guide, all rolled into one person. We will always be grateful toyou for your support and kindness. We would like also to express our gratitude to the chairman of theElectrical & Electronics Engineering Technology Department Mr.
ShaabanElfarawi for the support and the encouragement during the semester. Our sincere appreciation must be also extend to the JubailIndustrial College Deputy, Education & Training Affairs Dr. Eid Al-Hajri. Words are not enough to express heartfelt gratitude and thanks tothe Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technology department staffs whowork behind students to support them in the best way as they could.
Finally, our appreciation also goes to our families members for allof the sacrifices and support throughout the journey. Thanks to theirencouragement, love, emotional support that they had given to us. Ahmed, Mohammed, and Nasser Jubail Industrial College28 December 2017Abstract In educational buildings, hospitals or even companies, we can seethe idea of the Pigeonhole there but indifferent way. Nowadays, With the huge technology, our life should be easierthan before. For example, when you ordered something online, and you want toknow the status of your shipment, or a proof of delivery. Should you go to thepost office every day and ask about your shipment? Of course no, because youcan track your shipment online by using your tracking number that was given toyou after you ordered.
The idea here is that by using the high technology, wecan discover unique things. In our project here, we tried to make somethinguseful for our department in the college. The Smart Pigeonhole will make thestaff does not check his box daily to check if he had gotten something new.Instead of that, he will be received an email and SMS message to his mobilenumber to inform him that his box has something.
Chapter 1Introduction At universities and colleges, lecturer uses pigeonhole as a place forstudent to submit assignment or homework. Also, it can be used to receivedifferent documents or mails from admin or other lecturers. The pigeonhole’s workis similar to letter box where letter or memo for a specific person will beplaced in his/her letter box. The method of using the pigeonhole wastraditional and not updated until the idea of IOT (Internet Of Things) isemerged.
Since we reached the IOT point. We should highlightsome facts on this idea and illustrate the beauty of this technology.Basically, the idea of the internet of thing is to make different devices inour live to be connected to the internet so that can help us to monitor andcontrol these devices in our homes, offices, or universities by using a mobileapplication for example. At this point, people do not have to switch off thelight manually at night before sleep, or they can switch on the air conditionbefore they arrived to their home. Background:The connection between the devicesand the internet will be by using a microcontroller. Nowadays, we can seedifferent microcontrollers are used in different applications, and they areeasy to use and efficient. Arduino and Raspberry pi are the most famous onesthese days.
In this project, our aim was toimplement an idea that can be useful and helpful in our department at thecollege. So the idea of the pigeonhole was the chosen one among differentalternatives. Problem statement:At universities and colleges,Lecturers usually receive different documents and mails in the pigeonhole, andthat makes them check their boxes every day. Sometimes lecturer may forget tocheck his/her box, and that could cause a problem because that document isurgent or important. The problem can besolved by this project when the lecturer will receive an email and SMS messageas a notification that his/her box has something. Objectives: The objectives of the project are:· Tomake the pigeonhole in the electrical and electronics building smart which thatwill help the staffs there.
· Todevelop notification that will alert lecturer via email and SMS message byusing the idea of Internet Of Things.Scope:The project will be completed withinthese scope:· Themicrocontroller Arduino is using in this project. · Thesensor that implemented in the project (infrared sensor ) will be able to detect the documents in thepigeonhole box. In this report, the reader will beable to find a lot of information related to the project design by readingthroughout these topics below:1. Project management.
2. Literature survey of smart pigeonhole. 3.
Interface platform development. 4. Hardware design development.5. Description of design.6. Results & Discussions.7.
Conclusion.8. References. Chapter 3Literature Review In this chapter, we will cover the literature reviewof the previous studies in order to improve the idea of the smart pigeonhole.This chapter will discuss and summarize topics which are contains theinformation gathered to gain knowledge and ideas about this project. The idea of the smart pigeonhole is implemented indifferent places like universities, hospital, and companies.
Most of theseplaces implemented the idea by using GSM module which it works to send the SMS message by using regular SIMcard. This way is obviously will cost the organization or the university moneyeach month to allow the SIM card to send the SMS message. In our project, wedecided to use different method to avoid the paying to the SIM card. There aredifferent platforms in the internet offers the service to send free SMS messageby using the idea of the internet of things. The interface platform that wehave chosen offer this service and that will make the project cheaper and morecontrollable. If we observed the most sensor have been used in previousprojects of the smart pigeonhole, we will notice that ultrasonic sensor was themost common. The principle work of the ultrasonic sensor is clear and easy.
There is one transmitter which will send sound waves until hit any objects orpostictal. Then some of these sound waves will be reflected until reach thereceiver of the ultrasonic. But in our project, we decided to use differentsensor to detect the objects which is Infrared sensor (IR). The workingprincipal of the infrared sensor is exactly the same of the ultrasonic. But if we consider the distance range between the twosensors, we will find that the ultrasonic cover distance up to more than 20 cmwhile Infrared sensor cover distance less than 20 cm. In the pigeon hole, we donot want a long distance to be coveredbecause the box is not big enough to use the sensor that covers more than 20cm.
If we used the ultrasonic sensor, the detection of the postictal may be notaccurate because some disturbance may affect and then send a wrong alert to the lecturer. Theinfrared sensor was tested and we found it will be the suitable sensor to usein smart pigeon hole application. Chapter 4Design development Block diagram and flow chart:Chapter 7Results and discussionsAfter the implementation of the smart pigeonhole, we can see that theidea is successfully implemented. Each lecturer has own smart box which if hereceived any new documents, an email and SMS message will be send to notify himthat you received something new. If we want to talk about the difficulties or problems that we have facedin the project, the main problem was with the LCD display connection with the Arduino.
If we used a regular LCD to display the name of the lecturer in his box, wewill need a separate Arduino for each box because each LCD has 16 output pins to be connected to the Arduino. But we found that, there is an adapter which can be connected to the LCDand make us to connect only 2 output pins to the Arduino which is called I2C adapter (Inter IntegratedCircuit). The adapter can handle 127 different devices to be connected to it. But in the Arduino, itis identified with only 8 addresses.
So in this case, we can connect 8 LCDsdisplay with I2C adapter with different addresses with one Arduino. In the pigeonhole, we have 24boxes which are divided into 3 columns and every column has 8 boxes. Thatmeans, each column has one Arduino which can be call as a master and 8 LCDswith I2C adapters which can be call as a slaves. The total Arduino we used inour project are 4. Three Arduinos are to control The LCDs with the I2C adaptersand one Arduino which will control the infrared sensors (IRs) that will detectthe documents in each box in the pigeonhole. Chapter 7Conclusions and recommendationsAs a conclusion of this project, our aim when we were working in thisproject was to discover something that will be useful for Electrical Engineering Department at the college. The idea of the smartpigeonhole can be extended and implemented in different departments in thecollege or even outside the college. Doing a project without implementation in the real life application canbe easier and simple.
In the beginning, as a team, we decided to work onsomething that can be useful In the real life. We found that the idea of thepigeonhole was implemented in different places but with simple way. To connectthe pigeonhole with an interface platform and control it by using a mobileapplication was the challenge in our project, but at the end we made it. During this course period, we noticed that working as a team gave as anawesome feeling that each one in the group share his knowledge with others anddiscover something new during work in the project.
Of course we should notforgot to thank our advisor Mr. Khallel Masaid for everything he made with us. He was the leader,inspirer, and friend every time.We are very grateful and pleasure to everyone belief in us and supportus during our working on this project.