Psychologist Robert Plutchik
studies emotions and he came up with a list of the eight primary emotions that
people experience: “joy, acceptance, fear, surprise, sadness, disgust, anger,
and anticipation”. These are only a few of the many emotions that humans go
There are also different ways in
which you can identify these certain emotions and feelings. They could either
be primary or mixed emotions which are part of the emotional wheel. Primary
emotions are “inside the perimeter of the circle” (159). Plutchik says that
these primary feelings can combine to form other mixed emotions. Mixed emotions
include: “love, submission, awe, disappointment, remorse, contempt,
aggressiveness, optimism, etc.” (160). And these are located outside the circle
of the emotional wheel. The difference between primary and mixed emotions is that
primary emotions are the feelings you experience initially after an event; it
is your reaction to external events. Mixed emotions are a combination of
primary emotions and can be described in either one word or more than one. They
are often a combination of conflicting feelings or emotions. For example, I
personally have some mixed emotions about things. When I do homework I usually
have mixed emotions about my assignments, I am both excited to be learning but
also am angry that there is so much of it that I have to do. I am both happy
and mad about doing homework, therefore I have mixed emotions about it.
What seems to be three causes of aggression in
According to the textbook,
aggression is “any behavior that is intended to hurt someone, either verbally
or physically (165). Albert Bandura, who is a proponent of the social learning
theory says that “aggressive models in the subculture, the family, and the
media all play a part in increasing the level of aggression in our society”
(166). The social learning theory of
aggression concludes that “people learn to behave aggressively by observing
aggressive models and by having their aggressive responses reinforced over time”
(Bandura 1972). This is very true because for example I nanny for a family and
I have noticed that there is often conflict between the oldest and middle
child. They are pretty aggressive with each other, always fighting and teasing.
The youngest sibling is constantly around this kind of behavior and on those
days where the oldest and middle child fight the youngest one starts to act out
too. This just shows that peoples actions have an effect on how our society is.
There are many things that can influence aggressive behavior. If you were to
watch a movie that was about war and fighting it could make the person who
watched it to feel the need to act just like the movie and be aggressive too.
What important stages are involved in the
There are some important stages
that are involved in the process of forgiveness. In the textbook, it mentions a
few of them: exploring the anger you have, deciding to forgive, working on
forgiveness, and discovery and release. Through this process, you can learn
more about yourself, others, and relationships (183). Whenever I am in a
situation where I feel like I’ve been hurt I try not to hold on to that anger.
I am very quick to forgive. Although in some cases that isn’t always the best
thing to do but I feel as though “holding on to hurts and nursing grudges wears
you down physically and emotionally” (182). One thing that I thought was very
accurate was that in the textbook it mentioned: “forgiveness is something that
you do for yourself, your own happiness, health and well-being” (184). I feel
that if you are able to forget and forgive it can relieve you of that stress
that you felt when you were betrayed and it is a great way to make yourself
Define and discuss the mourning process.
Grief and bereavement which is also
known as mourning are defined as “to be deprived” (168). The process of grief
consists of “freeing ourselves emotionally from the loss, readjusting to life
without this loss, and resuming ordinary activities and forming new relationships”
(Dickinson and Leming 2007). There are lots of different ways that people deal
with loss and how they grieve. Some of the common stages in dealing with loss are
denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. This is something that I
personally and I’m sure many of others have dealt with. I’ve experienced many
losses in my life and at some point in my life have been through all of these
stages. It is said that “the way that you deal with certain losses depends on
the individual, the relationship of the loss, and the circumstances surrounding
the loss” (Greenberg 2003). Which is very true because we all deal with losses
differently and there really isn’t a “correct” way to grieve.
Describe a time in your life when emotion was
evident. How did you process that emotion?
This past summer my family
experienced a very great loss. The primary emotion that my family and I
experienced was sadness and it was very evident that everyone around us was
feeling that same emotion. In the beginning, it was very tough to process the
situation. The death was very sudden and unexpected and it shocked us all. We
were all experiencing mixed emotions of sadness, disappointment, and distress.
I think that everyone in my family dealt with it differently and some still are
trying to process it all. Personally, the way I processed the emotions I was
feeling was by trying to understand why I was feeling sad so that I could find
ways to deal with my emotions in a healthy way. I didn’t like feeling like
there was nothing that I could do in order to change my emotions so I began to
try to come to terms with what happened and tried to move on so that I could
lessen the sadness in my life. So far it has been working and I am definitely
feeling better now.
Note: I already finished this
assignment earlier and as I was going to turn it in I noticed that you changed
the question to number 4. So just in case, I did it anyway. I put the answer
Define Social Emotional Learning (SEL).
Social Emotional Learning is
defined as “the process through which children
and adults acquire and effectively apply the knowledge, attitudes, and skills
necessary to understand and manage emotions,
set and achieve positive goals, feel and show empathy for others, establish and
maintain positive relationships, and make responsible decisions” (Casel 2018). It
is thought to help students be more successful and it prepares workers to be
able to be better at solving problems, become better communicators, and to be
able to manage their emotions better. I think that learning more about Social
Emotional Learning will be very beneficial for a lot of people. It will help
people become more successful and it’ll help in improving their lives. Learning
all the skills that are offered through taking SEL programs will help create
brighter futures for people.