Quality to strengthen trade regulation on pollution –

 

 

 

Quality Management
Standard:

ISO 14000

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:

Quality management

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lee Tae Hun

153110221

 

Table of Contents

Intorduction. 3
Standard Expalnation. 3
Elements of Standard. 4
Planning. 4
Implementation and
Operation. 4
Checking and
Corrective Action. 5
Application. 7
Seven categories
of ISO 14000 standard. 7
Strength and weakness of standard. 8
Practical Example. 8
Usage in Europe USA Asia etc 8
Comparison with other standards 9
Benefits 9
 

 

Intorduction

The
increasing awareness of social environment conservation has led to the demand
for intense environmental protection laws and strengthened administrative
regulations in each countries and internationally, the Green Round (GR), which
is a multilateral negotiation for environmental preservation, has begun, and
major economic blocks are working on international environmental management
standardization work to strengthen trade regulation on pollution – induced
products.

The ISO environmental management
standard allows companies to autonomously evaluate and manage the environmental
impact of production activities to prevent social and economic losses resulting
from environmental pollution control and to ensure that the company’s
environmental management system activities are faithful to environmental
protection.

It is expected to be used as a practical
technology barrier or protection measure in connection with international
environmental agreements when business activities and manufacturing processes
are included in the GR ranges in the future.

 

Standard
Expalnation

ISO
14000 standard series are evolving series of Generic Standards developed by ISO
in order to make business management on the basic framework of managing
environmental impacts. These standards cover a wide range of environmental
sectors and include basic management systems, auditing, performance evaluation,
labeling, life cycle analysis and product standards.

The ISO has assigned the task of
developing a standard to the technical committee (TC) 207, which consists of a
number of subcommittees (SC) and working groups (WGs) have. There are two types
of specifications: Guidance and Specification. All specifications except ISO
14001 are guidelines. This means that these standards are standards in the form
of technical papers rather than requirements of the regulatory type. Companies do
not register for the entire ISO 14000 series of specifications, but they
register for ISO 14001, a specification for the environmental management
system.

 

Elements
of Standard

Planning

1.    
Environmental
Aspects

Organizations should
establish and maintain procedures to identify the environmental aspects of the
activities, products, and services of the organization that are predicted to judge
whether they are or are likely to have a significant impact on the environment.

 

2.    
Legal
and Other Requirements

Establish
and maintain procedures for identifying and utilizing laws and other
requirements applicable directly to the organization’s activities,
environmental aspects of the product or service

 

3.    
Objectives
and Targets

The
organization should establish and maintain the environmental objectives
documented by the relevant internal functions and levels and the corresponding
objectives accordingly. When an organization establishes and reviews
environmental objectives, it should review relevant laws and other
requirements, important environmental aspects of the organization, technical
alternatives of the organization, the organization’s finances, production and
business requirements, and stakeholder views. Goals and targets should be
consistent with environmental policy and include commitment to pollution
prevention.

 

Implementation and Operation

1.    
Structure
and Responsibility

Roles, responsibilities
and powers should be defined, documented and communicated in order to
effectively promote environmental management. Management should provide the
necessary resources for the implementation and management of the environmental
management system. Resources include human resources, skills, and financial
resources.

 

2.    
Training,
Awareness, and Competence

The
organization should identify the need for training. The organization should properly
train all employees who are responsible for the important tasks and likely to
have a significant impact on the environment. The organization should establish
and maintain procedures for the employees and members of the relevant functions
and hierarchies.

 

3.    
Communication

The organization should
establish and maintain the following procedures with respect to environmental
aspects and the environmental management system.

a) Internal
communication between the various layers and functions within the organization

b) Receive, document
and reply to relevant comments from external stakeholders

 

4.    
Environmental
Management System Documentation

The
organization should establish and maintain information in the form of documents
or electronic media that:

a)
Describe the key elements of the environmental management system and their
interrelationships;

b)
Present directions to relevant documentation

 

5.    
Document
Control

The
organization should establish and maintain management procedures for all
documents required by this standard.

 

6.    
Operation
Control

The
organization should identify the organization’s operations and activities in
relation to the environmental aspects identified, the objectives and the key
environmental aspects identified according to the objectives. The organization
should establish action plans (including maintenance plans) to ensure that
these operations and activities are being performed under specified conditions.

 

7.    
Emergency
Preparedness and Response

The
organization should establish and maintain procedures for identifying and
responding to potential incidents of accidents and emergencies and for
preventing and mitigating the environmental impacts that may arise in
connection with these events. The organization should review and revise
emergency preparedness and response procedures, if necessary, even after an
accident or emergency has occurred. Organizations should also routinely test
these procedures.

 

Checking and Corrective Action

1.    
Monitoring
and measurement

The organization should
establish and maintain procedures for periodically monitoring and measuring key
characteristics of work and activities that may have a significant impact on
the environment. It should also include a record of information to track the
organization’s environmental objectives and compliance with the detailed
objectives, relevant operations management, and performance.

 

2.    
Nonconformance
and corrective and preventive action

The
organization should establish and maintain procedures defining the
responsibilities and powers necessary to initiate and fulfill measures,
corrective and preventive measures, and mitigate the environmental impacts
caused by nonconformities. All corrective and preventive actions taken to
eliminate the causes of actual and potential nonconformities should be made at
an appropriate level in response to the magnitude of the problem and the
environmental impacts incurred. The organization should implement and document
all documented procedural changes in accordance with corrective and preventive
measures.

 

3.    
Records

The
organization should establish and maintain procedures for the identification,
maintenance and disposal of environmental records. These environmental records
should include records of training, audits and review results. Environmental
records should be easy to read, understandable, and traceable to relevant
activities, training, products and services. Environmental records should be
kept in a manner that can be easily retrieved and prevented from damage,
deterioration and loss. The record keeping period should be specified and
recorded. Records should be maintained in conformity with the organization and
system to demonstrate compliance with the requirements of this standard.

 

4.    
Environmental
management system audit

The
organization should establish and maintain a regular environmental management
system audit implementation plan and procedures to clarify the following.

a)
Determine whether the environmental management system meets the following

1)
Compliance with the plan established for environmental management, including
the requirements of this standard

2)
Appropriateness of execution and maintenance

b)
Providing information to management about the audit results

The
audit plan, including the audit schedule, should be based on the environmental
significance of the relevant activities and the audit results of the past. In
order to be a comprehensive audit, the audit procedure should include the
scope, duration and method of audit as well as requirements and
responsibilities for conducting the audit and reporting the results.

 

 

5.     
 

 

Application

ISO 14000 can be applied in various business areas.
It makes global businesses and supply chains enable to grow by providing
technical basis, new economic players, and support the new service related with
environment. There are seven categories to correspond with ISO 14000.

Seven categories of ISO 14000 standard

1.    
Environmental
Management System: EMS

Provide system
requirements to operate production activities in relation to the environment.

 

2.    
Environmental
auditing: EA

Principles and
procedures are defined according to the kind of environmental audit, mainly
audit the requirements of EMS.

 

3.    
Environmental
labelling: EL

This is an operation
that gives unity to the environmental mark, and objectively evaluates the
environmental suitability of the product.

 

4.    
Environmental
performance evaluation: EPE

Technical assessment
methods to evaluate current environmental performance and expected
environmental performance. 

                                            

5.    
Life
cycle analysis: LCA

Standards to assess
environmental impact and improvements throughout the process.

 

6.    
Environmental
aspects in product standard:
EAPS

Standardization work by
clarifying the definition of terms and terms in each field.

 

7.    
Terms
& definitions: T

Establish standard
specifications for environmental conformity check procedures and requirements
of product standards.

Strength
and weakness of standard

The
advantages of ISO14000 series are that it gives a system that can produce
results in a consistent documented way. It enables you to ensure that employees
follow the correct procedures. It can give a signal to customers (Since
consumers don’t really get what it is) image of well-managed company that is on
top of its environmental impacts and risks.

The disadvantages are that it can
encourage incrementalism, when a more radical approach might actually be more
appropriate. Also, it can encourage companies to meet a certain set level
without incentive to go for maximum improvement. In some point of view, aim to
share the benefits of waste reduction is not always best choice; it is better
that provide incentives for faster and deeper improvements. (Mallen Baker, n.d)

 

Practical
Example

Ford
Motor Company is the first automaker that certifies manufacturing facilities to
ISO14000 international standard, they saved millions of dollars from their
decision. “The bottom line is we
have proven that business and the environment can live in harmony,” “Ford       has demonstrated it can save millions of
dollars and at the same time reduce our environmental impact.” (O’Brien. n.d)

Ford enhanced efforts on all performance
they doing related to ISO14000 based management, they require ISO14000
certification of all suppliers and manufacturing facilities. As a result, they
saved budget, improved the business image, and achieved to bring attention to
Ford’s leadership in environmental area.

 

Usage
in Europe USA Asia etc

             There
are so many advantages ISO 14000 and it is being used a lot over world as this
paper mentioned above, however, companies in some countries such as United
States, approach this standard carefully because ISO 14000 is risky for them. As
a result of the self-study process incorporated in the ISO standard, firms can
possibly discover violations regarding some environmental topic, such as
hazardous waste. It would seem that these firms should be able to then clean up
this waste. However, it is not so simple. Once these firms discover variances,
they are required to report these variances to the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA). Even if the firm discovers and cleans up environmental
problems, the EPA has made it clear the firm will be subject to fines and
penalties, which could include shutting down the business. (Hale, G., and
Hemenway, C.)

 

Comparison
with other standards

ISO9000
is the one of the quality management standards which looks similar with Environmental
management system ISO14000. ISO14000 can be defined by the point of ISO9000,
However, figure2 below shows differences between two standards.

 

ISO9000

ISO14000

Objectives

Improvement of
Product

Continuous
Improvement of Business

Target

Profit, Product
Defect Factors

Business, Environmental
Factors

Observer

Customer

Customer, Society,
Government

Regulation

Economic Principals

Conformity
Principals

Standards

Product& Service
Production Centered

Product& Service
Production is not included

Target Range

Design, Production,
A/S

Design, Production,
A/S, Collection, Disposal

Management Area

Center of Business

Every Area where
product are being used

Figure 2 – Difference between ISO 9000 and 14000

 

Benefits

ISO
14000 is the effective system of corporate management that can easily and
clearly catch the organization’s flow and maximize business image enhancement.
It provides hope for future generations with health promotion and future
stability to local residents with pleasant surroundings and reduces budget by
simplifying local administrative protection and legal regulations. It increases the sales and profits of
the company based on customer’s trust and strengthen the continuous improvement
and system of environmental management system and it is easy to reduce company
budget, reduce waste generation, and utilize resources.

 

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Foster, S. T. (n.d.). Managing
quality: integrating the supply chain.

Essays, UK. (November 2013). The
Strengths And Weaknesses Of Iso 14001 Environmental Sciences Essay. Retrieved
from https://www.ukessays.com/essays/environmental-sciences/the-strengths-and-weaknesses-of-iso-14001-environmental-sciences-essay.php?cref=1

%. N. (2014, November 14). What are the
Pros and Cons of Implementing ISO 14001? – Mark1 Business Systems. Retrieved
January 08, 2018, from http://www.mark1systems.com/blog/environmental/pros-cons-implementing-iso-14001/

Roy Thomas, Process Associate at UST
Global Follow. (2013, October 08). Iso 14000 & case study. Retrieved
January 08, 2018, from https://www.slideshare.net/RoyThomas3/iso-14000-case-study

Web Design & Development by Fuzz
Productions & Singlebrook. (n.d.). CSR News. Retrieved January 08, 2018,
from http://www.csrwire.com/press_releases/25706–Ford-ISO-14001-Provides-Roadmap-to-Environmental-Savings

ISO 14000 Environmental Management
Systems. (n.d.). Retrieved January 08, 2018, from
http://www.omnex.com/members/standards/iso14000/iso_14000.aspx