Racial Justice is the fight for human and civil rights. The fight for racial oppression is the nation’s goal (Golash-Boza 2015).
The process of policies and effective laws that can serve justice and is the objective of many racial justice organizations (Golash-Boza 2015). The granting of justice can restore those effected by the discrimination and inequality that racial injustice causes (Golash-Boza 2015). According to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), their mission as a racial justice organization is to ensure equality among all people without racial based discrimination. The NAACP stands to cover the political, educational, social, and economic issues.
The organization also serves to justify racial discrimination in various programs such as education, Civic Engagement, Federal Advocacy, Economic Opportunity, Criminal Justice and Environmental justice. (NAACP 2014). Covering for Criminal Justice the NAACP advocates to justify safer communities and include treatments for mental health and addiction. The racial disparities in the United States is among all levels in the system.
According to records, the United States is known to be the largest nation of prisoners. For example, we can see NAACP at work with the ongoing support to end racial inequality. The NAACP is expressed with the case of Marissa Alexander (Golash-Boza 2015). Marissa was put into prison in 2012 after shooting the gun while being attacked by her husband (Golash-Boza 2015).
Alexander’s background is common in a racial injustice case, African Amercian women with an abusive husband (Golash-Boza 2015). With this being her first and only case, Alexander was sentenced to 20 years in prison (Golash-Boza 2015). When activists of NAACP became involved with Alexander’s case she became free (Golash-Boza 2015). After being released she is still awaiting her trail (Golash-Boza 2015). The NAACP gets involved with similar cases like Alexander’s that call for racial justice in the criminal justice system (www.naacp.
org/issues/criminal-justice). The equal opportunities given to all is the ideal form of having full civil rights (Golash-Boza 2015). Basic rights such as the right to trail, right to vote, no discrimination in workplaces and equality in education are few of the civil rights we can fight for (Golash-Boza 2015).
The struggle between racial justice in the criminal justice system can go hand in hand (Golash-Boza 2015). The struggle in the criminal justice system is increasing. Ever since the death of Michael Brown the public eye has had a negative outlook on black Americans (Kahn and Kirk 2015). The act of discrimination has increased in the criminal justice system for blacks (Kahn and Kirk 2015). Within the criminal justice system racial disparities is present (Schrantz and McElory 2000). The individuals that work within the criminal system are aware that racial disparity is the main problem leading to criminal justice inequality (Schrantz and McElory 2000). The practice of eliminating racial disparity is a promise to public safety and a fair system (Schrantz and McElory 2000).
The racial and ethnicity of an individual is the control and outcome of some people who are put into the criminal justice system (Schrantz and McElory 2000). The decision making in the criminal justice system is the root of all disparities and injustices (Schrantz and McElory 2000). Based on one’s race the results of their sentencing can vary (Schrantz and McElory 2000). Structural racism is present and that’s the NAACP organizations aim to offer civil rights to all. The impact of racial disparity is the result of racial injustice in the criminal justice system (Schrantz and McElory 2000). Some disparities NAACP may face are “driving while black” the abuse of law enforcement officers. According to Schrantz and McElory (2000), 13,566 officers stopped individuals that were minority drivers (Schrantz and McElory 2000). With the jail system, 33% of its population occupies African Americans and 19% is Latino population (Schrantz and McElory 2000) According to the Huffington Post, an article titled Fourteen Examples of Racism in Criminal Justice System expresses the criminal justice system and the results of racial injustice (Quigley 2010).
The main crime presented in the system is that it has developed to be a race-based institution (Quigley 2010). For African Americans this has become an identity for them in the system. They are targeted and are assumed to be more violent criminals (Quigley 2010). In other words, the criminal justice system that serves justice to our people and nation is racist (Quigley 2010). With these examples of racism we can see valid facts that may be contributed to the cases that NAACP stand up for. Comparing black and white people we can see their similarities in the war on drugs (Quigley 2010).
The drug offenses blacks carry is comparable to whites (Quigley 2010). When it comes to traffic stops blacks and Latinos are stopped at a much higher rate than whites (Quigley 2010). When whites were stopped a low average of eight percent were frisked (Quigley 2010). Since 1970, the drug arrests made in the United States have increased from 320,000 to 1.6 million (mainly being black arrests) (Quigley 2010). After blacks are arrested they are more than likely to remain or return to prison (Quigley 2010).
After being in prison the racial inequality in assigning a public defender occurs. According to the American Bar Association, the US Public Defender service is decreasing in paying them and increasing in given case loads (Quigley 2010). In 2004 most offenders in trail plead guilty even when innocent due to the lack of legal understanding (Quigley 2010). In cases like Alexander’s, many African Americans are not given a trail and are left to accept the offering of plea barging (Quigley 2010). For sentencing in the criminal justice system, blacks also serve 10% more sentences than whites do (Quigley 2010). The Sentencing Project found that two-thirds of the people incarcerated are non-white (Quigley 2010). Within the juvenile system 16% make up for the population however, in arrests it is a high 28% (Quigley 2010). The corruption of the criminal justice system continues.
After leaving prison, blacks still face racial disparity (Quigley 2010). Professor Devah Pager of the University of Wisconsin states that, 17 percent of whites that are ex-convicts get a call back from jobs and that blacks fall behind with only 8 percent of call backs (Quigley 2010). With facts like the ones stated, the racial justice in the criminal justice system has stemmed to be the mission for the NAACP. Racial Justice is finding ways to lawfully put an end to justice inequality. Placing policies that can eliminate racial oppression is racial justice. The tough laws that are handed to these violent criminals still serve no justice in the streets or in communities. The overdue of community violence has increased and cause inequality among the people.
Based on the fight for criminal justice equality the NAACP stand towards their mission. Taking a stand to racial disparities in incarceration is important to the criminal justice system. According to research, the United States has 21% of the world’s prisoners (Quigley 2010). For people who have been in some form of correctional facility 1 in every 37 adults in the United States will experience the system. In 2014, 2.3 million African Americans made up the prison population.
The mission of the NAACP can help eliminate the causes and effects of incarceration and racial disparities. The moment racial justice is served in the criminal justice system the people will receive lawful policies that will implement racial equality and the prevention of racial discrimination and safer communities.