Rap and Poetry

Simile
a comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as”

Simile
“Some issues need to be addressed like envelopes” — Andre 3000 “13th Floor / Growing Old”

Metaphor
a comparison of two unlike things WITHOUT using “like” or “as”

Metaphor
“God’s a seamstress who tailorfitted my pain” 50 Cent “Patiently Waiting”

Personification
an inanimate object is given human-like characteristics

Personification
“Yo, if rap gets jealous, word that were admitted / I used to be a public enemy, don’t forget it” K’naan “If Rap Gets Jealous”

Hyperbole
a great exaggeration

Hyperbole
“Put food on the table, fed the whole city” Rick Ross “Valley of Death”

Alliteration
at the beginning of word, a repetition of consonants

Alliteration
“Cuz it’s cool when you cause a cozy conditionin’ / Which we create, cuz that’s our mission” Snoop Dogg “Lodi Dodi”

Onomatopoeia
words that sound like the name of the word

Onomatopoeia
“Streets on click clock / Eighty grand just to see the Jacob go tick tock” Jeezy “Trap Star”

Repetition
words or phrases repeated

Repetition
“I’m educated but I’m dumb on that microphone / Don’t even bother, you’ll get done on that microphone / I turn a father to a son on that microphone / I’m a revolver in the slum on that microphone / And tell the Source I don’t need no microphone” — Joell Ortiz “Microphone”

End rhyme
sound-alike endings of words at the end of lines

End rhyme
Just think of all the people you knew in the past / that passed on, they in heaven, found peace at last” — Tupac Shakur “Thugz Mansion”

Internal Rhyme
Words that rhyme in the middle of the line

Internal Rhyme
“My function is to make much ‘n’ lay back munchin'” — Jay-Z “Can’t Knock the Hustle”