Reading and Writing Poetry

What are the two stages of riddle play?
– Primary-grade children: experiment with riddle form and content- Beginning in third or fourth grade: students explore the absurd & contradictory constructions of riddles.

What are the 5 riddle stages?
– Using multiple referents for a noun.- Combining literal and figurative interpretations for a single phrase- Separating a word into syllables to suggest another another meaning- Separating a word into syllables to suggest another meaning- Creating a metaphor

What are hink-pinks?
short rhymes that take the form of an answer to a riddle or describe something. Composed with 2 one-syllable rhyming words

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Poetic Devices
– Comparisons- Alliteration- Onomatopoeia- Repetition

How to read a poem.
– Tempo: how fast or slow to read the lines- Rhythm: Which words to stress or say louder- Pitch: when to raise or lower the voice- Juncture: when and how long to pause

Making Sense of Poems
Looking for what the poem means.

Can find this by looking at these components:- Structure of the poem- Order of the words in a line- Rhythm and rhyme- Shape of the poem- Imagery of the poem

Performing Poems
– Echo Reading- Leading and Choral reading- Small-Group reading- Cumulative reading

Five types of poetic forms
– Formula poems- Free-form poems- Syllable- and word-count poems- Rhymed poems- Model poems

Formula Poems
Students begin every line the same way or use a particular kind of word in every line. Examples:- “I Wish..

.”- Color poems- “If I were…” poems- “I am…” poems

Free-form Poems
Students choose words to describe something and then put the words together without concern for rhyme or line arrangement.

Examples:- Concrete poems- Found poems- Poems for two voices

Syllable- and Word-Count Poems
Students use strict amount of syllables or words in each line. Can restrict expression. Examples:- Haiku: Japanese three-line nature poems with 17 syllables- Cinquain: a five line poem containing 22 syllables in a 2-4-6-8-2 syllable pattern- Diamante: a seven-line contrast poem written in the shape of a diamond

Rhymed Verse Poems
Ends of lines typically rhyme; rhyme may alternate between lines. Examples:- Limericks: Uses both rhyme and rhythm. The poem consists of 5 lines; the 1st, 2nd, and 5th lines rhyme and the 3rd and 4th rhyme with each other and are shorter.- Clerihews: four-line rhymed verses that describe a person.

Model Poems
Students model their poems after poems written by adult poems.

Use words or theme from a poem that you have read. Examples:- Apologies- Invitations

How do we teach students to write poems?
– Explain- Set out poetry books- Write model poems- Write a class-collaborative poem- Teach through minilessons- Create a class anthology

Tying poetry to the Four Patterns of Practice
– Literature Focus Units: share poems with featured books; students write poems as projects- Literature Circles: Students choose to read poetry books- Reading & Writing Workshop: read poetry and write their own- Thematic Units: read and write poems that relate to the unit