Reading and Writing Poetry

What are the two stages of riddle play?
– Primary-grade children: experiment with riddle form and content
– Beginning in third or fourth grade: students explore the absurd & contradictory constructions of riddles.

What are the 5 riddle stages?
– Using multiple referents for a noun.
– Combining literal and figurative interpretations for a single phrase
– Separating a word into syllables to suggest another another meaning
– Separating a word into syllables to suggest another meaning
– Creating a metaphor

What are hink-pinks?
short rhymes that take the form of an answer to a riddle or describe something. Composed with 2 one-syllable rhyming words

Poetic Devices
– Comparisons
– Alliteration
– Onomatopoeia
– Repetition

How to read a poem.
– Tempo: how fast or slow to read the lines
– Rhythm: Which words to stress or say louder
– Pitch: when to raise or lower the voice
– Juncture: when and how long to pause

Making Sense of Poems
Looking for what the poem means. Can find this by looking at these components:
– Structure of the poem
– Order of the words in a line
– Rhythm and rhyme
– Shape of the poem
– Imagery of the poem

Performing Poems
– Echo Reading
– Leading and Choral reading
– Small-Group reading
– Cumulative reading

Five types of poetic forms
– Formula poems
– Free-form poems
– Syllable- and word-count poems
– Rhymed poems
– Model poems

Formula Poems
Students begin every line the same way or use a particular kind of word in every line. Examples:
– “I Wish…”
– Color poems
– “If I were…” poems
– “I am…” poems

Free-form Poems
Students choose words to describe something and then put the words together without concern for rhyme or line arrangement. Examples:
– Concrete poems
– Found poems
– Poems for two voices

Syllable- and Word-Count Poems
Students use strict amount of syllables or words in each line. Can restrict expression. Examples:
– Haiku: Japanese three-line nature poems with 17 syllables
– Cinquain: a five line poem containing 22 syllables in a 2-4-6-8-2 syllable pattern
– Diamante: a seven-line contrast poem written in the shape of a diamond

Rhymed Verse Poems
Ends of lines typically rhyme; rhyme may alternate between lines. Examples:
– Limericks: Uses both rhyme and rhythm. The poem consists of 5 lines; the 1st, 2nd, and 5th lines rhyme and the 3rd and 4th rhyme with each other and are shorter.
– Clerihews: four-line rhymed verses that describe a person.

Model Poems
Students model their poems after poems written by adult poems. Use words or theme from a poem that you have read. Examples:
– Apologies
– Invitations

How do we teach students to write poems?
– Explain
– Set out poetry books
– Write model poems
– Write a class-collaborative poem
– Teach through minilessons
– Create a class anthology

Tying poetry to the Four Patterns of Practice
– Literature Focus Units: share poems with featured books; students write poems as projects
– Literature Circles: Students choose to read poetry books
– Reading & Writing Workshop: read poetry and write their own
– Thematic Units: read and write poems that relate to the unit