Renaissance and Pastoral Poetry — English 10

couplet
a two line stanza of a poem

quatrain
a four line stanza of a poem

sestet
a six line stanza of a poem

octave
an eight line stanza of a poem

sonnet
14 line lyric poem

Italian Sonnet
Sonnet form popularized by author Petrarch

English Sonnet
Sonnet form popularized by William Shakespeare

volta
a shift in thought or perspective in a poem

rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyme at the end of a poetic line

renaissance
From the French, meaning “rebirth”

Pastoral poem
renaissance poem set in an idealized countryside setting

carpe diem
Latin for “seize the day”

coyness
reluctance to commitment

paradox
a statement that at first appears illogical or impossible, but actually expresses a deeper truth

epigram
a brief, cleverly worded statement

epitaph
an inscription on a grave