Roughly July 7th, 1916, a British Solider named Arthur Hubbard wrote his mother a letter about an incident about a terrible thing that happened that he would never forget.
Here is an exert from that letter. “We had strict orders not to take prisoners, no matter if wounded my first job was when I had finished cutting some of their wire away, to empty my magazine on 3 Germans that came out of one of their deep dugouts. bleeding badly, and put them out of misery. They cried for mercy, but I had my orders, they had no feeling whatever for us poor chaps… it makes my head jump to think about it.” (Babington, Cooper, 1997) So, what is PTSD? Why does it happen to some people and not to others? Also, why do depression and anxiety seem to follow so closely together? How can with psychological research, theories, and perspectives be used to decrease stigma for veterans with PTSD seeking treatment? Whether you are talking about Shell Shock, Battle Fatigue or Combat Stress Reaction (CSR) or currently Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) there has been when trying to designate a certain terminology throughout time.
During wars, throughout history, there have been accounts of soldiers leaving the battlefield, having severe emotional breakdowns, which would lead to violent behavior, self-harm, or even the harm to others. During early periods of warfare dating back before the Civil War, military officials thought that these emotional breakdowns were a result of fear of battle. They did not know how to recognize or even treat these disorders. The affected soldiers would either be sent home without supervision or be dishonorably discharged as lack of discipline and cowardice. During World War 1, some soldiers fled the battleground because of they were so traumatized by the effects of warfare. At because of our ignorance of the mental effects of war that some of these soldiers were accused of cowardice and even executed. However, it wasn’t until the end of the Vietnam Conflict that PTSD was starting to be recognized as a disorder and over the next 30 to 40 years we would be better to clarify it and eventually try to treat it without the stigma associated with it.
(Zagata, 2010) Shell Shock: A History of the Changing Attitudes to War Neuroses by Anthony Babington (Leo Cooper, 1997)Zagata, D. (2010, July 28). History of PTSD: How Post Traumatic Stress. Retrieved January 13, 2018, from http://www.healthguideinfo.com/ptsd/p79851/