Section needed by children to do well in

Section ADefine the nature and scope of Health and Wellbeing”Health is the ability to realise goals, and what determines a person’s degree of health – the quality of his general capacity for action – is the balance between person’s goals, his conditions of life and his subject-determined capacity for action” (Wacherhausen, 1994).   The definition of health is a broad concept which can encompass a vast majority of meanings including both, physical and mental aspects. The origin of the word ‘health’ derives from the Old English word ‘hael’ meaning ‘wholeness’ and strongly relates to the person’s soundness of body as well as the mind. Despite the fact, that the definition of the term ‘health’ differs depending on country or the origin, it is commonly acknowledged that we recognise two types of health: the negative and the positive. The positive one is a condition of well-being, exemplified by the World Health Organization as “a state of complete physical, mental, social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity “(World Health Organisation, 1946). The negative definition is the freedom from illness of injury. In addition to this, Naidoo and Wills (2016) have highlighted the six dimensions of health: Physical, Mental, Emotional, Social, Spiritual and Sexual. Table 1 illustrates a diagrammatic representation of the aspects of healthAccording to The Scottish Government (n.d.a) the well-being of every child is at the heart of ‘Getting it right for every child’ (GIRFEC), drawing on the eight Shanarri areas to define the progress needed by children to do well in the future. The eight Shanarri well-being indicators also tie with the aims of the Scottish National Curriculum for Excellence aiming for all children to succeed in the four capacities which attempt for all children to be responsible citizens, effective contributors, confident individuals and successful learners. These eight indicators of well-being are Safe, Healthy, Achieving, Nurtured, Active, Respected, Responsible and Included.    All children and young people have the right to feel safe and protected from any situations by others at home, at school and in the wider community, In addition to this, no child should be harmed in any way, this includes physically, emotionally or sexually. Safe practice within the primary school setting is of great importance to the teaching practice of Scottish educators. The Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN, 1989) article 24 reveals that ‘States Parties recognise the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health…’. In addition to this, the Ottawa Charter (WHO, 1986) and the Jakarta Declaration (WHO, 1997) have also highlighted the significance of school being the best environment for health promotion. Despite the fact that health services have been available in schools for years, not all of the teachers are adequately prepared for addressing and promoting health issues. Therefore, it is not surprising that Scottish Government have set aims to improve the health aspects in schools, putting a high emphasis on creating a link between health and education.  As a result, Curriculum for Excellence was created, and it aims to ensure all of the eight aspects of well-being are equally embedded in everyday life. “If children and young people are healthy and emotionally secure they are more able to develop the capacity to live a full life” – Curriculum for Excellence, Building the Curriculum 1.”Children’s health and stage of physical development are crucial to their well-being and capacity to learn” (Hugdahl, 1995).