Since the dissolution of the USSR, Eduard Shevardnadze has
assumed the post of President of Georgia from 1995 to 2003 Rose Revolution. The
resignation of the opposition, known as the ‘Rose Revolution’, to the
parliamentary building with red roses, resigned from his post as a result of
the fraud in the 2003 elections. In the first elections, Mikhail Saakashvili
became president, following Western-oriented policies. The facts actually
started after that. For the second time in 2006, Osetler made a referendum on
independence, and in this referendum, 90% of the independence was decided.
Russia has been lacking backplane support for the Osetls, as it threatens
Russia’s interests as a Western admirer in the Georgian administration. It is
also true that knowing that 90 per cent of the population in South Ossetia is a
These neighbour Ossetians’ independence and their request to
join with Russia in Georgia became often a hot battle between the two sides.
When history showed August 8, 2008, Georgian troops carried
out an operation against South Ossetia, which declared independence, and
thousands of civilians were killed and 2 Russian war planes were dropped. On
top of that, Russia entered a strong union in Ossetia and started fighting
As a result of the war that lasted for 5 days, a cease-fire
was signed between Russia and Georgia, with European states intervening. Ten
days after the fire, Russia became the first state to recognize the
independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia on August 26th.
The main reason for the 2008 South Ossetian War is that the
administration in Georgia may try to cross the US and the West in the direction
In this war, there is a detail as follows; cause conflict
with Russia, cutting electricity to Georgia and Georgian President Mikhail
Saakashvili (then) he wants electricity from Turkey’s prime minister Recep
Tayyip Erdogan calling. The Turkish side is starting to supply electricity to
Georgia from noon. Recalling that we obtain 50% of the electricity from natural
gas we bought from Russia, we can rejoice once again in the short duration of
Russia – Georgia:
Oil Dimensions and Other Geo – Strategy:
Two major strategic incursions, unleashed by the military
conflict in Georgia. The first is to
overcome the conflict over oil and its lines and supplies between Russia and
America, dangerous red lines between the two parties.
The second is the
intensification of the international competition for control of the Caucasus
region, which is considered the most important geo-strategic bridge on the
continent of Eurasia (Europe-Asia), and with it renewed the issue of the fate
of Russia and its location on the European and international maps for the
second time in less than two decades The first time was in 1991 after the
collapse of the Soviet Union.
Oil and gas
From the first moment of the eruption of the military
situation between Russia and Georgia in the regions of South Ossetia and
Abkhazia, Western attention immediately shifted from “above the
ground,” where the conflict between Moscow and Tbilisi over the NATO
expansion across Georgia to the Russian border, minorities and relations with
Europe and America, Land “, where oil and gas.
military attack on Georgia has given strong signals (in the West, of course)
that Moscow is determined not to give up its control of the oil-rich Caspian
region,” the Financial Times said.
What is meant here is not Georgia itself, which barely
contains traces of oil and gas, but the oil pipelines that pass over its
territory and built by the European oil companies and the major American oil
and gas to the markets of the West.
These lines extend from Baku in Azerbaijan to Teplice in
Georgia, take the port of Sheehan on the Turkish Mediterranean coast, and daily
transport 1 million barrels of high-quality oil.
In the 1990s, Washington called these “pipes of peace”, but Moscow saw only “war pipes” in the 1990s, with the
ultimate goal of Westernizing not only the oil of the Caspian region of the
South Caucasus, but also the entire region. Itself, as a prelude to tightening
the siege on Russia and push it to suffocate in the internal breath.
Now, after the Russian military attack, which surprised both
the West and Russia together, the oil painting may change relatively
considerably. Western companies will lose confidence in Georgia’s ability to
ensure the security of the Baku-Tbilisi-Sheehan pipelines, especially after
last week’s Kurdish rebels managed to blow up some of the pipelines on the
Turkish side. Military developments also hit the EU’s plans to build a pipeline
across the Caucasus to transfer Caspian gas and Central Asia to Europe, in
order to reduce the dependence of the latter on Russian energy supplies.
All these developments mean that Russia has clearly won the
current round of “oil wars”, but this is just a tour. The war will
continue, because the struggle over the world’s energy resources is still in
its infancy, and the rivalry between Moscow and Washington for control of the
Caucasus-Caspian region will henceforth be borrowed from one another. This
leads us to the second outcome of the Georgian war: the geo-strategic
When Russia and Georgia plunged into the abyss of war,
because of South Ossetia, many Western observers saw this development as
“a bloody and futile”.
They would have been right, if it were only for this
province. South Ossetia is no more than a sporadic chain of mountain villages,
with a population of only 70,000, in which this handful of Ossetians and
Georgians live (though with a lot of resentment and a little friendliness) for
hundreds of years.
But South Ossetia is not the problem. It is the result, or
rather, a small part of the outcome of the great confrontation, which is now
heard in the entire Greater Caucasus region between the United States and
Russia, a confrontation that will determine the fate of Russia as a whole in
the Caucasus, , As well as the nature of the American role in the property of
the former Soviet Union, who wins the Caucasus, will hold the neck of the
continent, “Eurasia” (Europe – Asia) of the diphtheria.
Because this is a geo-strategic and one of the most dangerous
area and at the same time the most diverse linguistic and ethnic region in the
world. It is geographically a giant mountain barrier separating the continents
of Europe and Asia, historically the main conflict between the three empires,
Ottoman, Persian and Russian, which resulted in the so-called “Caucasian
wars” of the nineteenth century.
The result of these wars was the domination by Istanbul of
the South Caucasus (Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan) and Russia’s domination
of the North Caucasus (south-western Russia, northern Georgia, northern Azerbaijan)
until the entire region fell into the bosom of Soviet Russia.
Now, the “Caucasus Wars” has become a game of
American – Russian nations. Washington wants to control this region to tighten
the cordon on Russia on the one hand, and to facilitate its control over the
oil of Central Asia – Caspian on the other hand, which has been active since
last spring to achieve this, by trying to extend the tentacles of NATO to
Georgia and the other Caucasus countries.
Moscow, which knows what Washington wants, has spared no
effort, especially in the era of Vladimir Putin, to block these efforts. It
strongly rejected Georgia’s entry into NATO and followed it by provoking the
latter into a military confrontation that would weaken NATO’s appetite for
inclusion in the ranks because of the large costs. The outcome: the current
explosion of South Ossetia, then of Abkhazia.