Slam Poetry with Dr. A

Denotation
dictionary definition of a word

connotation
emotions associated with a wordex: He is skinny vs He is slenderto evoke imagery

euphemism
a nice way to say something badex: Elderly vs Oldto lessen the effect of something harsh

litotes
negation of an oppositeex: Very good vs Not badadds some comedy or shows a characters inability to accept something

Juxtaposition
to heighten contrast by placing them next to each otherex: Chara vs St.

louis

allegory
a hidden meaning, being moral or politicalex: Zootopia depicts animals that are secretly portraying types of peopleto express a point of view on an idea

antimetabole
flip a clause aroundex: Ask not what your country can to for you, but what you can do for your countryMake something sound deep or turn how you think of something

epiphany
a sudden revelation or insightex: Mr. Wich had the epiphany, “Don’t be a Dick.”To create a sense of urgency

metonymy
a thing or concept referred to by something elseex: The white house says vs The president saysmore fluent

synecedoche
replacing a whole with partex: Lend me a hand vs Lend me your bodyquicker and more fluent

parody
mocks somethingex: SNLadds a comedic element to piece, or shows the absurdity of something

Forshadowing
hinting towards something in the futureto have the audience make predictions ; to introduce an idea important to the story later

alliteration
the same sound or at the beginning of closely connected wordsex: The man mastered mats magnificence mapmakes someone focus on a certain line

allusion
reference to another piece of workto compare and contrast things

anaphora
repeating a phrase at the end of a stanzato emphasize a word or phrase and conceptualize it

apostrophe
addressing a dead or inanimate object ex: O fates, come, cometo create a sense of address that affects the toner

imagery
figures of speech that evoke one’s sensesto paint a mood for the poem

irony
saying 1 think but with a hidden meaningex: as pleasant as surgeryto describe a certain feeling but in a mixed way

metaphor
a word or phrase subtly compared to another object or phraseex: Mom was a bear last nightto make connections

onoatopoeia
sound effectsex: BANG BANGto emphasize something or evoke imagery

personification
giving human traits to something nonhumanevokes imagery

satire
a satirical imitation of somethingex: snlto show comedy or the absurdity of something

simile
comparing 2 things using like or asex: He is as ugly as Dr. Ato draw connection

conosance
repeating a certain consonantex: red rabbitto connect to words

assonance
repeating a certain vowelex: sad factto show 2 things are connected

free verse/blank verse
no rhyme, has meter/no rhyme, no meter- puts focus on syllables -gives the author tons of freedom

refrain
a word/line/phrase repeated in a poem

stanza
a paragraph for a poem

couplet/quatrain
2 lines/4 lines

sonnet
14 lines

Petrarch/Shakespearean
octave and sestet/ 3 quatrains and couplet

octave vs sestet
a situation or dilemma vs a solution

3 quatrains and couplet
quatrain is variation of a theme, couplet has a summary or stance

enjambment
the continuation of a sentence to another line

caesura
a pause in the line, makes you consider the stuff before

volta
a word or phrase coming at the start of a sestet or couplet signaling the endto show a change in meaning of the poem

internal rhyme
how words flow together in a line

masculine vs feminine endings
pronouncing the final syllable hard to show aggression vs not pronouncing final syllable to show confusion or softness

rhetorical question
a question that implies no answerex: do you think I am stupidto express the craziness, good or bad, of a situation ; and to show the stupidity of something

verbal irony
the meaning is opposite as what is saidex: as pleasant as surgeryto apply a bit of sarcasm

structural irony
a reversed meaning that runs through the workex: Nelly Dean narrating

dramatic irony
the audience knows what a character doesn’tex: Probably in a high school dramato keep the audience interested an idea

tragic irony
dramatic irony, but someone diesex: Romeo and Juliet

first person
author is speakingto convey their point of view on something

3rd person limited omniscient
a different person who knows all narrates a story

objective narrator
a 3rd person narration who won’t tell characters feelingsto create an unbiased story based off facts

iambic
bum BUM,

trochaic
BUM bum

spondaic
BUM BUM

anapestic
bum bum BUM

dactylic
BUB bum bum

monometer
1 foot

dimeter
2 feet

trimeter
3 feet

tetrameter
4 feet

pentameter
5 feet