Slam Poetry with Dr. A

Denotation
dictionary definition of a word

connotation
emotions associated with a word
ex: He is skinny vs He is slender
to evoke imagery

euphemism
a nice way to say something bad
ex: Elderly vs Old
to lessen the effect of something harsh

litotes
negation of an opposite
ex: Very good vs Not bad
adds some comedy or shows a characters inability to accept something

Juxtaposition
to heighten contrast by placing them next to each other
ex: Chara vs St. louis

allegory
a hidden meaning, being moral or political
ex: Zootopia depicts animals that are secretly portraying types of people
to express a point of view on an idea

antimetabole
flip a clause around
ex: Ask not what your country can to for you, but what you can do for your country
Make something sound deep or turn how you think of something

epiphany
a sudden revelation or insight
ex: Mr. Wich had the epiphany, “Don’t be a Dick.”
To create a sense of urgency

metonymy
a thing or concept referred to by something else
ex: The white house says vs The president says
more fluent

synecedoche
replacing a whole with part
ex: Lend me a hand vs Lend me your body
quicker and more fluent

parody
mocks something
ex: SNL
adds a comedic element to piece, or shows the absurdity of something

Forshadowing
hinting towards something in the future
to have the audience make predictions ; to introduce an idea important to the story later

alliteration
the same sound or at the beginning of closely connected words
ex: The man mastered mats magnificence map
makes someone focus on a certain line

allusion
reference to another piece of work
to compare and contrast things

anaphora
repeating a phrase at the end of a stanza
to emphasize a word or phrase and conceptualize it

apostrophe
addressing a dead or inanimate object
ex: O fates, come, come
to create a sense of address that affects the toner

imagery
figures of speech that evoke one’s senses
to paint a mood for the poem

irony
saying 1 think but with a hidden meaning
ex: as pleasant as surgery
to describe a certain feeling but in a mixed way

metaphor
a word or phrase subtly compared to another object or phrase
ex: Mom was a bear last night
to make connections

onoatopoeia
sound effects
ex: BANG BANG
to emphasize something or evoke imagery

personification
giving human traits to something nonhuman
evokes imagery

satire
a satirical imitation of something
ex: snl
to show comedy or the absurdity of something

simile
comparing 2 things using like or as
ex: He is as ugly as Dr. A
to draw connection

conosance
repeating a certain consonant
ex: red rabbit
to connect to words

assonance
repeating a certain vowel
ex: sad fact
to show 2 things are connected

free verse/blank verse
no rhyme, has meter/no rhyme, no meter
– puts focus on syllables -gives the author tons of freedom

refrain
a word/line/phrase repeated in a poem

stanza
a paragraph for a poem

couplet/quatrain
2 lines/4 lines

sonnet
14 lines

Petrarch/Shakespearean
octave and sestet/ 3 quatrains and couplet

octave vs sestet
a situation or dilemma vs a solution

3 quatrains and couplet
quatrain is variation of a theme, couplet has a summary or stance

enjambment
the continuation of a sentence to another line

caesura
a pause in the line, makes you consider the stuff before

volta
a word or phrase coming at the start of a sestet or couplet signaling the end

to show a change in meaning of the poem

internal rhyme
how words flow together in a line

masculine vs feminine endings
pronouncing the final syllable hard to show aggression vs not pronouncing final syllable to show confusion or softness

rhetorical question
a question that implies no answer
ex: do you think I am stupid
to express the craziness, good or bad, of a situation ; and to show the stupidity of something

verbal irony
the meaning is opposite as what is said
ex: as pleasant as surgery
to apply a bit of sarcasm

structural irony
a reversed meaning that runs through the work
ex: Nelly Dean narrating

dramatic irony
the audience knows what a character doesn’t
ex: Probably in a high school drama
to keep the audience interested an idea

tragic irony
dramatic irony, but someone dies
ex: Romeo and Juliet

first person
author is speaking
to convey their point of view on something

3rd person limited omniscient
a different person who knows all narrates a story

objective narrator
a 3rd person narration who won’t tell characters feelings
to create an unbiased story based off facts

iambic
bum BUM,

trochaic
BUM bum

spondaic
BUM BUM

anapestic
bum bum BUM

dactylic
BUB bum bum

monometer
1 foot

dimeter
2 feet

trimeter
3 feet

tetrameter
4 feet

pentameter
5 feet