Socialmovements are considered as a major force in the world, that’s why, it gets theattention of many sociologists and political parties in order to understand itsmeaning, how does it happen and what are the changes that occurs.
First of all,giving an exact definition of what social movement is may be difficult becauseit cannot be considered as a political party nor as unorganized mass without agoal, but, it is somewhere in between the two (Christiansen, 2014). Accordingto Herbert George Blumer, who wasan American sociologist, there are fourstages of social movement: emergence, coalescence, bureaucratization, and decline. Emergence,which is the first stage, is when there is no organization or clear stratagemfor achieving goals, it is mainly about individual extensive feelings ofdissatisfaction. The second stage, whichis coalescence, is when people come together to express their discontent. Inthis stage, there is a creation of strategy and demonstrations are made.
Thethird stage, which is bureaucratization, is when the social movements have hadsome success and raised consciousness among more people and have more approachto political elites. In this stage, formal parties take strategy to the nextlevel. In the last stage of the social movement, which is the decline, is whenthe movement comes to its end. This stage can happen in five ways: oppression,co-optation, victory or failure (Christiansen, 2014).