SOLID WASTE MENAGEMENT INCHITTHAGONG.BACKGROUNDSolid waste management becomes a great problem now-a-days.
Rapidlygrowing population isResponsible for producing large amount of solid wastes. To develop anefficient SWMSystem the existing scenario of solid waste of a city should be knownwhich isEnable to find out the exact problems happening regarding mismanagementof solid waste within theCity.Chittagongcity was known as the “cleanest city” of Bangladesh due to its neatness and anoverwhelming presence of green trees and hilly areas. But now recently due tothe presence of piles of refuses dotting and improper waste management, theclean lines of the city has been facing acute decay. OBJECTIVESolidwaste management has become a major concern for the cities and towns ofBangladesh. Chittagong is the second largest city in Bangladesh. As ametropolitan city different types of SWare produced everyday by the people. Low collection coverage, scarce transportservices, recycling and disposal and lack of suitable treatment, facilities areresponsible for unsatisfactory waste management, leading to air, water and landpollution.
Which putting people and the environment at risk. In such acircumstance this study has intended to unfold the institutional dimensions ofsolid waste management including the types & amount of wastes produced inthis city and to identify solid waste management problems. A field survey hadbeen conducted to identify the current scenario of solid waste managementsystem in Chittagong city area. It helped to identify the problems regardingsolid waste management system which helped in this study to give somerecommendations to improve the solid waste management system of Chittagong. SIGNIFICANCEthe currentsociety is much more aware of the environment there are an increasing number ofenvironmental regulations which very often challenge the management of SW and this makes the recycling as means ofreducing waste to thelandfill to be very important in the SWM sector. METHODOLOGYPrimaryand secondary data have been used in this methodology. Primary data have beencollected from depth interview and personal .Data have been collected fromdifferent respondent groups like city corporation employees, housewives,garbage collector.
Their opinion has been collected to get an acumen intoexisting waste management system. Their suggestion has been considered in thestudy. Secondary data have been collected through pursuing different reports ofCity Corporation, web materials, various articles, journals, news and books.Ithas been found that total 122 tons of SW of different types are being generateddaily. Of the total quantity 45-55 percent is collected but the rest is left.It is broadly estimated that between 10 to 15 percent of the total municipalbudget is used for SWM. The wastes which remains uncollected and dumped in openarea, street or drains, clogging the drainage system that creates graveenvironmental decay and health risks.
The collected waste is presently being disposedof mainly in a low-lying area. Little amount of waste is being reclaimed orsalvaged for recycling according to its market value. Finally, this papersuggests a safe and sustainable dumping site for environmental protection tokeep the city nice and healthy.OUTCOMETheCCC collects 1357-ton waste daily.
Collection efficiency is 70 percent of thegenerated waste Management scenario in Chittagong Management method. Now I amgoing to present a short area solid waste management description. Daily municipalsolid waste recycling scenario by waste pickers at Anandobazar and Arefin Nogordumping site in 2014. Total daily Anandobaza to Arefin Nogor collections…..Paper1.575 ton, Plastic 0.
550 ton, Aluminum 0.027 ton, Steel 0.556 ton, Glass 2.050-tonTotal 4.
758 ton. Which means Solid waste management system is working perfectly.CONCLUTIONAtthe end I just want to add that, Bangladesh is getting populated day by day.More population, more waste, more pollution , more environment disadvantage.
Sowe have to cover the whole nation. Because environment is getting weak day byday. we need to manage take action against it and walk towards to a cleanBangladesh and a healthy Bangladesh. Thank you.