Sonnet Terms/Poetry Techniques

Quatrain
Four lines of a sonnet, there are three quatrains in a sonnet

Couplet
The last two lines of a sonnet, which summarize the sonnet in rhyme

Conflict
The problem (usually) presented in the first quatrain of the sonnet

Resolution
The solving of the conflict; usually in the last quatrain or couplet

Transition
A shift that usually occurs between lines 7 and 10; marked by a transitional word (but, however, although etc.)

Iambic Pentameter
The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllabic pattern of the lines. Each line is made up of 5 iambs and 10 syllabells

Metaphor/Simile
Surprising comparison between two unlike things; simile uses like/as

Hyperbole
An exaggeration

Imagery
Visual sensory details; vivid

Personification
Giving an inanimate object or abstract concept human qualities

Repetition
Repeating an image/phrase in a poem or to emphasize its meaning

Alliteration
Repeating the same first letter in a series of words

Cacophony
Repeating the same sound of something stated before

How many lines does a sonnet have?
14

What is the rhyme scheme of an English (Shakespearean) sonnet?
(A B A B) (C D C D) (E F E F) (G G)

How are the lines of an English sonnet grouped?
There are 3 quatrains and one couplet

What is the function of the first one or two lines?
Conflict

What do the middle 12 lines do?
Expands on conflict, makes a transition,and sets up the resolution

What do we often see in line 8?
Transition

What is the role of the last two lines?
Summarize, gives us the resolution

What are some recurring themes in the sonnets?
Love, age, death, hate, beauty, time

To whom are the sonnets addressed?
Many of the first sonnets address a young man (1-126) while the others address a Dark lady (137-154)