Sonnets ; Ballads

Sonnet
14 line poem, rhymed, written in iambic pentameter

Italian
Type of sonnet with octave(8 lines) asking a question or posing problem & sestet (6 lines) that answer the question

Shakespearean
Type of sonnet with 3 quatrains (4 lines) & 1 couplet (2 lines)

ABBA ABBA CDE CDE
Rhyme scheme-Italian sonnet

ABAB CDCD EFEF GG
Rhyme scheme-Shakespearean sonnet

Iambic Pentameter
Poetry written with 5 “feet” or sections of stressed/unstressed syllables in each line

Iamb
“foot” or section of verse/poetry with 1 unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable

Quatrain
4 line stanza

Couplet
2 lines that rhyme

Octave
8 line stanza

Sestet
6 line stanza

Rhyme Scheme
pattern of sounds at the ends of words/lines in poetry (Ex. ABBA ABBA…)

Imagery
language that appeals to the reader’s senses-sets the scene for readers with words

Ballad
form of poetry meant to be sung/recited, contains stanzas of 2-4 lines with a refrain (repeat)

Tragic Love & Physical Courage
Common themes for ballad poetry

Common people
Subjects of ballad poetry

Dialogue
Action/Story of ballad poetry develops through this

4 lines, rhyme scheme: ABCB
Ballad poetry form

Little characterization or description
Common characteristic of ballad poetry

Summary Stanza
Ballad poetry often brought to a close with this

Refrain
stanza, line, part of line, or phrase repeated at regular intervals throughout ballad poetry

Incremental Repetition
repetition in each stanza or part of the preceding stanza-usually with a slight change

Approximate Rhyme
words in a rhyming pattern that do not perfectly rhyme-usually occurs where most rhymes are perfect