South occured in one country: South Africa (UNAIDS,

South
African’s “rainbow nation” idealism is in stark contrast to the reality of a
nation that is plagued by crime, a lack of employment opportunities and a
failing public education system, an argument supported by Altbeker,2007.

Crime
can adversely affect family life, community cohesion, productive working and
general wellbeing (Miceli 2007).   This
makes understanding and combatting crime imperative. To understand South
Africa’s high level of crime, it is critical that it is examined inside the
setting that it occurs. Crime is a global phenomenon; however South Africa is a
nation dealing with unique and complex dynamics surrounding crime. Miceli (2007)
further suggests that the present South African culture originates from a past
loaded with viciousness and persecution, essentially because of the inheritance
of the apartheid framework, which has profoundly affected the manner in which
the populace contributes in their capacity to construct a durable national
persona.

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Burton
(2004) finds that South African’s live in fear, to the extent that they do not
feel safe enough to walk alone in broad daylight in public use areas or enable
their kids to play unreservedly in the areas they live in. Regardless of the
presence of twenty years of democracy, the country keeps confronting
difficulties identified with crime and violence. Today, this legacy continues
to influence South Africa and is exacerbated by new difficulties.

South
Africa has the greatest and most prominent HIV epidemic on the planet, with an
estimated 7.1 million individuals living with HIV in 2017. 33% of every single
new infection in 2017 occured in one country: South Africa (UNAIDS, 2017).

In
South Africa, the connection has been made between a person’s socio-economic
background and the probability that an individual will test positive for HIV.
The individuals who have taken a HIV test and know their status will probably
have a higher level of education, have correct HIV information, be employed and
have a better understanding of the risks associated with HIV (Peltzer, 2009).

 

Primarily
among adults in the vicinity of 15 and 49 years of age, it directly influences
the workforce and the most productive years of an employee (Stats SA, 2017).

According
to the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) report, HIV
additionally harms the uninfected children who exist as orphans, with their
parents being casualties to Aids. The number of HIV-infected children, who are
probably going to grow up as orphans in government institutions, is another
cost to society.

Related
to this, and especially important to youth violence is the disturbing absence
of employment opportunities for youngsters. The evidence suggests that this is
a multifaceted issue. South Africa has one of the highest unemployment rates on
the planet, with a little more than 27.7% of the nation’s populace are not
employed which implies there are 6.17 million jobless employment seekers in
South Africa (Stats SA, 2017). Just about a third (30.6%) of youth between the
ages of 15 and 24 live in a circumstance alluded to as NEET, which stands for
“not in education, employment and training “(Department of Higher
Education, 2017). According to the Quarterly Labour Force Survey released in
August 2017, unemployment in South Africa is still a huge issue.

In
South Africa, there are added challenges to finding employment, one being
geographic situation. Searching for work is costly. Employers are frequently
situated a long way from living arrangements, which means costly transport
costs for employees.  Living conditions,
wellbeing and being respectable are harder to keep up while jobless, making it
more difficult for a potential employer to employ you.

Another
challenge is the inadequate public education system. According to Oosthuizen
(2005), those without a matric or tertiary qualifications are significantly
more inclined to be jobless.  Research by
University of Stellenbosch economist Servaas van der Berg has shown that only
four % of those who began secondary school in 2008 have a tertiary degree.

Oosthuizen
(2005) suggests that this relates to the changing nature of the labour market
and mismatches between the skills needed in the labour market and those
provided through the educational system. A key difficulty confronting young
work seekers, specifically, is the fact that South Africa’s labour market
favours highly skilled employees.

 

The
high demand for skilled labour means that those with a post-secondary
qualification and experience are more prone to finding employment than those
with only a matric certificate.

Ways
must be found to move the work market to be more youth friendly. This involves
employers being encouraged to review their recruitment criteria to reach
candidates who might not normally be seen as employable.  An example is the Harambee Youth Employment
Accelerator (www.harambee.co.za) which involves working with employers across
sectors to promote inclusive hiring practices that focus on young people.

Education
plays a key role in contributing to the capacity to obtain employment
opportunities.  Government has made various
efforts to address the problem through various policy interventions, but this
has not had the desired effect of significantly reducing unemployment.  These policies include the Accelerated and
Shared Growth Initiative of South Africa (ASGISA), the Expanded Public Works
Programme (EPWP), industrial policy, Black Economic Empowerment (BEE), the New
Growth Path, and review of the trade policy among others.  Another solution could be a national
transport subsidy for job seekers. A pilot study is being run by the Abdul
Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab. This is a simple solution with a potentially
high impact.

There
is an open door for the private sector to additionally step up and lend their
support.  For private sector businesses,
this corporate social investment in our country’s youth may constitute one of
its most noteworthy commitments to our future.

Local-level
youth employability programmes, often run through non-governmental
organisations and private sector businesses, are another conceivable option.
They enable youngsters to get to data about jobs and bolster them to be more
effective in looking and applying for employment.

Education
and training is an extraordinary leveler, with which a winning nation can be
achieved. That requires responsibilities in genuine term from both the
government and private sector businesses.