Spanish & Hispanic Poets

JORGE MANRIQUE
a major Castilian poet, whose main work, the Coplas a la muerte de su padre (Verses on the death of Don Rodrigo Manrique, his Father). Born: Paredes de Nava, Spain 1440
Died: 1479, Santa María del Campo Rus, Spain

GARCILASO DE LA VEGA
Garcilaso de la Vega was a Spanish soldier and poet. Although not the first or the only one to do so, he was the most influential poet to introduce Italian Renaissance verse forms, poetic techniques, and themes to Spain. Born: 1501, Toledo, Spain
Died: October 14, 1536, Nice, France

FRANCISCO DE QUEVEDO
Born: September 14, 1580, Madrid, Spain
Died: September 8, 1645, Villanueva de los Infantes, Ciudad Real, Spain. Francisco Gómez de Quevedo y Santibáñez Villegas 14 September 1580 – 8 September 1645) was a Spanish nobleman, politician and writer of the Baroque era. His style is characterized by what was called conceptismo

GUSTAVO ADOLFO BECQUER
Born: February 17, 1836, Seville, Spain
Died: December 22, 1870, Madrid, Spain. He was associated with the post-romanticism movement and wrote while realism was enjoying success in Spain. was a Spanish post-romanticist poet and writer.

RUBÉN DARÍO
Born: January 18, 1867, Ciudad Darío, Nicaragua
Died: February 6, 1916, León, Nicaragua. Félix Rubén García Sarmiento, known as Rubén Darío, was a Nicaraguan poet who initiated the Spanish-American literary movement known as modernismo that flourished at the end of the 19th century.

LEOPOLDO LUGONES
Born: June 13, 1874, Villa de María del Río Seco, Argentina
Died: February 18, 1938, Tigre, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. Lugones was the leading Argentine exponent of the Latin American literary current known as Modernismo

ANTONIO MACHADO
Born: July 26, 1875, Seville, Spain
Died: February 22, 1939, Collioure, France. He turned away from the hermetic esthetic principles of post-symbolism and cultivated the dynamic openness of social realism.

CÉSAR VALLEJO
Born: March 16, 1892, Santiago de Chuco, Peru
Died: April 15, 1938, Paris, France. was a Peruvian poet, writer, playwright, and journalist.

PABLO NERUDA
Born: July 12, 1904, Parral, Chile
Died: September 23, 1973, Santiago, Chile. includes many surrealistic poems.

VICENTE ALEIXANDRE
Born: April 26, 1898, Seville, Spain
Died: December 14, 1984, Madrid, Spain. Aleixandre’s early poetry, which he wrote mostly in free verse, is highly surrealistic. It also praises the beauty of nature by using symbols that represent the earth and the sea. Many of Aleixandre’s early poems are filled with sadness. They reflect his feeling that people have lost the passion and free spirit that he saw in nature.