Spoken Word Poetry- Vocabulary

Poetry
A literary work in which special intensity is given to the expression of ideas and/or feelings through a distinct style, rhythm, and verse

Free Verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme; free of rules
Lines with no prescribed pattern or structure — the poet determines all the variables as seems appropriate for each poem

Lyric Poetry
A short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feelings; meant to be sung

Narrative Poetry
Poetry that tells a story, containing characters, settings, events, plots and themes.

Sound Devices
Elements such as rhyme, rhythm, alliteration, and refrain that gives poetry a musical quality

Rhythm
A musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables (meter) or by the repetition of words and phrases or even whole lines or sentence

Blank Verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter (much of the plays of Shakespeare are written in
this form)

End Rhyme
A word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line
Example: time, slime, mime
Double rhymes include the final two syllables. Example: revival, arrival, survival
Triple rhymes include the final three syllables. Example: greenery, machinery, scenery

Slant Rhyme
two words that have some sound in common but do not rhyme exactly
Tell and Toll
WHEN TWO SINGLE-SYLLABLE WORDS SHARE THE OPENING AND CLOSING CONSONANTS BUT NOT THE INTERVENING VOWEL

Internal rhyme
Rhyme that occurs within a line, rather than at the end

Enjambment
A line having no pause or end punctuation but having uninterrupted grammatical meaning continuing into the next line.
* Used to build suspense and create momentum, as the reader continues right on to the next tine.

Refrain
one line of poem is repeated

Extended Metaphor
A comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem.

Enunciation
Clear pronunciation; accent; articulation

Articulation
1. joining, 2. speaking clearly

Alliteration
Repetition of initial consonant sounds

Assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds

Consonance
Repeated consonant sounds at the ending of words placed near each other, usually on thesame or adjacent lines. These should be in sounds that are accented, or stressed, rather than in vowel sounds that are unaccented. This produces a pleasing kind of near-rhyme.
Example: boats into the past
Example: cool soul

Cacophony
A discordant series of harsh, unpleasant sounds helps to convey disorder. This is often furthered
by the combined effect of the meaning and the difficulty of pronunciation.
Example: My stick fingers click with a snicker
And, chuckling, they knuckle the keys;
Light-footed, my steel feelers flicker
And pluck from these keys melodies.
—”Player Piano,” John Updike

Euphony
A series of musically pleasant sounds, conveying a sense of harmony and beauty to the language
Example: Than Oars divide the Ocean,
Too silver for a seam—
Or Butterflies, off Banks of Noon
Leap, plashless as they swim.
— “A Bird Came Down the Walk,” Emily Dickenson

Repetition
The purposeful re-use of words and phrases for an effect.

Parallelism
Repetition that mirrors other lines in poetry. Sometimes, especially with longer phrases that contain a different key word each time. It has been a central part of poetry in many cultures.

Metaphor
figure of speech comparing two different things without using like or as

Simile
A comparison using like or as

Onomatopoeia
A word that imitates the sound it represents.

Personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

Allusion
A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as an event, book, myth, place, or work of art. Allusions can be historical, literary, religious, topical, or mythical. There are many more possibilities, and a work may simultaneously use multiple layers of allusion.

Tone
A writer’s attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization on the sentence and global levels.

Mood
Feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader