Springboard level 4 unit 3

poetic structure
The way words are arranged in lines, lines are arranged in stanzas, and units of sound are organized to achieve rhythm and rhyme.

figurative language
Writing or speech that is used to create vivid impressions by setting up comparisons between dissimilar things, [examples are metaphor, simile, and personification.

diction
a writer’s or speaker’s choice of words

imagery
The use of language to evoke a picture or a concrete sensation of a person, thing, place, or experience

perspective
a way of regarding situations or topics etc.

repetition
repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis

syntax
The grammatical structure of prose and poetry.

metaphor
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity

simile
Comparison using like or as

ode
a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet

sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme

hyperbolic
excessively exaggerated; overstated; inflated beyond reason

allusion
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize

connotation
the feelings or emotions surrounding a word

denotation
the dictionary definition of a word

tone-deaf
being unable to tell the difference in musical pitch

rhetorical
concerned with effect or style of writing and speaking

critique
a serious examination and judgment of something

anthology
A collection of various writings, such as songs, stories, or poems

craft
the way a poet or songwriter constructs a poem or lyrics

anaphora
repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or lines

form
particular structure or organization of a work

refrain
A regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song

hyperbole
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor

onomatopoeia
words that sound like what they mean

alliteration
Repetition of initial consonant sounds

rhyme
correspondence in the sounds of two or more lines (especially final sounds)

assonance
repetition of vowel sounds

consonance
The repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words

extended metaphor
The comparison between two things is continued beyond the first point of comparison. This extends and deepens a description.

free verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme

rhyme scheme
The pattern of rhyme in a poem

rhythm
the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements

stanza
an arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem.

quatrain
a stanza of four lines

couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme and usually express one thought

iambic pentameter
a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable

convey theme
tell the message about life

uses repetition to emphasize
says it over and over to make you really get it