Stupid Review for CPA English IV

For what literary work is Samuel Johnson known? Why is it important?
Dictionary of the English Language. It’s the 1st standard dictionary in English.

For what literary work is Alexander Pope known? What doe it satirize.
Rape of the Lock. War between the sexes.

Whose diary gives the most accurate account of the 17th century London?
Samuel Pepis.

What type of poetry did John Donne pioneer?
Metaphysical poetry.

What does the Cavalier motto carpe diem mean?
Seize the day.

What are the three characteristics of Metaphysical poetry?
Irregular meters, unusual verse forms, and unusual metaphors.

Name 2 main literary devices used by Metaphysical poets.
Metaphysical conceit and paradox.

Identify 3 literary devices used by metaphysical poets that are present in Donne’s poem “Song” and the lines in which they are used.
Oxymoron: “Unkindly kind” (line 27)
Paradox: “The ways of the sun, the sun is here and is not here rising and setting.” (lines 9-10)

In the first stanza of Donne’s poem “Song,” what 2 reasons does the poet give for NOT leaving his lady?
a.) Tired of her b.) something better than her

With what image does Donne’s poem “Song” end?
As long as they live…

To what sciences of the day does Donne refer in “A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning?” Provide an example.
Astronomy and geometry. The compass metaphor (line 26) and geometry (line 13)

Identify the literary devices used in “A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning” and provide an example of each.
Metaphysical conceit ex: the compass
Paradox (line 36)

Why is a compass a good comparison for the lovers?
Although one leg moves around, the other stays fixed and both will stay joined at the top.

What type of sonnet is “Holy Sonnet 10?”
Petrarchan Sonnet.

What literary devices are found in Holy Sonnet 10? Identify examples.
Personification (lines 1-2)
Metaphysical conceit: death is a proud person (line 1)
Paradox: Death thou shall die (line 14)
Death shall die but our soul goes on, death is not the end.

According to the poet of “Holy Sonnet 10,” in what three places does Death dwell?
Poison, war, and sickness.

What is the tone of “Holy Sonnet 10?”
Sad.

What is the message of “Holy Sonnet 10?”
Death can never triumph because fate grants eternal life.

With what literary device does “Holy Sonnet 10” end?
Metaphysical conceit?

What is the theme of Donne’s “Meditation 17?”
We are all connected and interdependent.

What type of bell is the poet referring to in “Meditation 17?”
God’s call to salvation.

What 2 metaphysical conceits (extended comparisons of ideas of objects not commonly associated) does Donne use in “Meditation 17?”
Every man is a part of the mainland; when we die we are translated.

In “Meditation 17,” what does the poet mean when he says we are “translated into a better language” when we die?
When we die, we doe not cease to exist but instead achieve eternal life.

What are the ways in which we can be translated?
Rebirth, salvation, reincarnation.

At the end of “Meditation 17,” why does Donne say that he finds the sickness and death of another person valuable?
Because a person’s death affects another; he or she lives on in memories.

What is the rhyme pattern in “To His Coy Mistress?”
Couplets.

What types of figurative language are used in “To His Coy Mistress” and provide examples.
Biblical Allusions: “the Great Flood and the conversions of the Jews.”
Hyperbole: (lines 13-16) describing the lady’s feathers – eyes, forehead, breasts
Geography references: (lines 5-7) the Ganges in India, the Humbler in England

What does the simile in “To His Coy Mistress” compare the lovers to?
Youthful hue, two of them.

What hypothesis does the poet make in the first stanza of “To His Coy Mistress?”
Creates a sense of urgency.

In “To His Coy Mistress” what is “winged chariot” a metaphor for?
Time always advancing.

Which line of the poem best expresses the carpe diem theme?
The speaker tells the lady he wishes he had all the carpe diem in the world to court(woo) her properly.

What types of figurative language are used in “To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time?”
Personification: line 3
Metaphor: line 5
Symbolism: The stages of life

What does the poet suggest young people should do in “To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time?”
Marry.

Which part of life does the theme of “To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time” suggest is the best?
Young adulthood.

To what 2 things does Herrick compare a lifespan?
A single day and the life of a flower.

What is the different about the theme of “Song” (Cavalier) compared to the other carpe diem poems?
The speaker advises his friend to abandon love, and not act on love.

Name the three types of poets and describe what each means.
Cavalier: to live life to the fullest, carpe diem theme.
Metaphysical: unusual degree of intellectualism.
Neoclassical: referred to myths, gods, and heroes to ancient Greece and Rome.

What details does Defoe include in A Journal of the Plague Year to make his account more believable?
Personal experiences.