a three-line stanza
a form of verse made up of tercets and a rhyme scheme in which the middle line of the tercet rhymes with the first and third lines of the following tercet: aba, bcb, cdc. The lines are iambic and eleven syllables long.
a poetic line of four feet
The central idea of impact of a literary work.
A field of study that focuses on the fundamental principles of artistic expression, as opposed to the individual work of art, which is the realm of practical criticism.
The most common point of view used in fiction (he, she, they)
The quality of a literary work that reveals the authors attitude: for example, satirical, sardonic, gloomy.
Any literary drama about the downfall of a sympathetic hero or heroine, who often dies at the end. Classically, a tragic flaw is involved, but in modern times blame is sometimes shifted to society or circumstances.
A defect in the character of an otherwise good or noble person. The defect leads to tragedy, as in the case of Macbeth and his “vaulting ambition”
Classically, a person of good qualities who makes an error in judgment because of a tragic flaw (such as pride or ambition). In Greek tragedy the hero was a person in a high position, often a king. The same is true, slightly modified, in Shakespeare (Hamlet, Lear, Macbeth). In modern times, a tragic hero is often a more ordinary person.
A poetic line of three feet
A three-line stanza
Writing marked by worn-out phrases or ideas.
A metric unit in poetry (a foot) with a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable.
A quality that occurs in literature when all the parts are related by some central theme or artistic concept.
the back of the stage
Sometimes a single line of poetry, but more often merely a synonym for poetry in general.
A poem consisting of five tercets and a quatrain with a rhyme scheme that uses only two rhymes: aba, aba, aba, aba, aba, abaa. The lines tend to have five stresses and to be iambic.
An informal expression for a story or drama about crime. The suspense stems from the readers curiosity about who committed the crime.
A form of humor that depends largely on language and ideas rather than actions and situations.