The term grand narrative or in otherwords, the “metanarrative”, which when you derive the word itself, it basicallymeans a complex idea formed by the concept of telling a story which is a story,inside a story, that explains the philosophical aspects of knowledge and history.It is basically a global narrative theory of the ancient historic events, whichcompletes an aspect of a proficient idea. These narratives vary from the notionof religion to the emergence of the modern era to the criticism and critiquesof the perspective of the post-modern world. The expression of the “GrandNarratives” was first established by the French philosopher,”Jean- Francois Lyotard” in (1979), where he theorized the term “post-modern”by looking at different scopes of views and establishing a form of knowledgefrom it. In his famous, well known book “ThePostmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge”, which wasalso published in (1979). Lyotard argues that we need to see the world In termsof a “perforation of micro-narratives”. He was driven entirely by theeconomic logic.
He was also looking at the “rejection of the grand narratives”,because to him that’s what the postmodernism era was about. Postmodernism hadthis ideology of getting away from the constraints of modernism, and to followdifferent paths and connect them to the local culture. One of the main concepts that Lyotard keeps mentioning in his book isthe “death of the grand narrative”, was how in the postindustrial society “the grand narrative is dead”.That is because to him “The People” decide what Is needed to determine the legitimacyof the truth.
A particular historical period that affected our belief about the ideaof the “Grand narrative” disappearing, occurred in (1966)which is when post-modernism started. It officiallystarted when the” Pruitt Igoe Scheme (1954)” got blown up in St. Louis,Missouri, on July 15,1972 at 3:32 pm. After it was demolished by dynamite, new projects started to ascend, turning the slumbuildings into new astonishing flats, that’s also where architect “MinoruYamasaki” designed the well-known “World Trade Centre”. A key feature thatpostmodernism likes to see is the “eradication” of the thing that went before (creating an image of destroying the thingthat proceeds it).
It’s the stage where the transcendenceof meta-narratives took over the micro-narratives. It’s the phase where we movefrom modernism to postmodernism, how “modernism” was mostly recognized as a style, a kind of concept of the view of theworld. Whereas in “postmodernism” it was taken in a much more deeper concern to develop architecturewithin the different cultures that we are surrounded with. The idea of irony isalso repeatedly being conveyed in postmodernism.