The Beginnings of English- Anglo Saxon Poetry

Caesuras
rhythmic breaks in the middle of lines where the reciter would pause for breaths , rhythmic breaks in the middle of the lines, where the reciter could pause for breath it can be part of a lyric poem

Kenning
two-word poetic renaming of people, places, and things

Assonance
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity

Elegy
a lyric poem mourning the loss of someone or something They were in exile , A formal sustained poem lamenting the death of a particular person

Alliteration
Repetition of initial consonant sounds

epic
a long narrative poem that recounts the adventures of a legendary hero in pursuit of a goal of national importance. The hero’s accomplishments reflect the values of his culture and usually figure prominently in the history or mythology of his people

Bede
helped originate the dating of events from the Birth of Christ, a cornerstone of the Western calendar.

Who are the groups that influenced GB.
Danish-
Normans-killed the Saxon king, Harold,and forced the nobles to choose Duke William as king of England.
Romans-connected them to everything else- religion, wealth, roads, literacy

Quest
long, dangerous journey or mission undertaken by the epic hero; the hero’s opportunity to prove his heroism and win honor/renown

Valorous deeds
demonstrate a courage, strength, or virtue and make up most of the action in the narrative

scops
Anglo-Saxon storytellers responsible for the unification of Anglo-Saxon tribes in response to the invasion of the Danes.

A History of the English Church and People
first english prose even though its written in latin. 1st clearest account of Anglo saxon times. Generated his history of Britain

The Exiter book
first set of poems

Anglo Saxon Chronicle
The first history, begun by Bede (a great monk and scholar) which was an about of the history of the people.

Epic Conventions:
Poems opens by stating the subject or purpose, followed by the invocation of a muse or supernatural force who would help tell the story
Plot begins in medias res (in the middle of things)
Serious tone and lofty style – technique that conveys the importance of events and is impressive to listeners

types of Epic
folk and literary epics

the purpose of Epic poetry
teaching them the values and message that is conveyed

didactic
teaching a lesson or a moral, excessively instructive
ex: Beowulf: teaches loyalty and respect

Beowulf
A great warrior, goes to Denmark on a successful mission to kill Grendel; he returns home to Geatland, where he becomes king and slays a dragon before dying; poem; alliterative verse, elegy, small scale heroic epic; author unknown; setting around 500 AD.

The Seafarer
the importance of having a lord and community , Author Unknown. Anglo Saxon Period. Pain, Lonliness/ Isolastion, faith (God), Fate (negative), Hope. Lyric Poem (Elegy)

The Wander
Written by anonymous poet. Unknown time, but manuscript is from 10th century. Genre is elegy. Significance is an example of an elegy, and of the importance of social bonds in A.S. world. Hows A.S./Christian tensions