Theresearch question will be answered from the perspective of theoretical approach,especially from the analysis of Huntington’s third wave of democratization.
Themost important theory :Modernization and additional Economic Preconditionsanalysis are related to each other inthe context of developing the theorythat the cause of democratization iseconomy .Still Huntington doesn’t reject any statement or theory instead itapproves two major reasons why South Korea became democratic by implementing social factor(Confucianism) andExternal Actor (United States).In other context ,debates and theories with theexample of China are not the same .Since China had a rapid and high economic development ,still the democratization process hasn’t beenestablished. This example causes modernization theory to be doubted and argued.South KoreaTheexplanations for South Korea’s democratization are broad and debatable. Considering the hypothesis ofHuntington explains the generalstructure for South Korea strive towardsdemocratization and empowers distinctive occasions occurred in South Korea tothe components of democratization.
The argument finds a portion of economic components are the primarymotivations to give a catalyst to the democratization for Huntington’s study 1Huntingtonargued that “a general relationship exists between the level of financial developmentand democratization in which the position of financial improvement is either important oradequate to realize democratization.” 2 This could be demonstrated by the nations inthe third wave of democratization are generallyinnovaters and industrialized in open markets. However, the GDP development rate in SouthKorea in 60-80s was around 8.5-8.9%, which was higher Latin American nations.
LatinAmerican Countries were in process ofdemocratization while South Korea not .This explanation caused a huge debateeven that Huntington doesn’t reject the fact that South Korea was in theprocess of economic development faster than other Latin Countries ,meanwhile the democratization happened later.The fact that South Korea was able to shift the political regime and economicsystem towards democratization gives the insights that the theory of Huntingtonin this case even being late compared toLatin American’s democratization is aproof1Joseph Wong, Healthy Democracies: Welfare Politics in Taiwan and South Korea,Cornell University Press, 2004.2 Dae-kyuYoon , Law And Democracy In South Korea: Democratic Development Since 1987 , http://www.ghafler-news.com/download/law-and-democracy-in-south-korea-democratic-development-since-1987.htmlaccessed 19.01.2018