The failures. As has been mentioned, Ruth Rosen

The
women’s movement was political campaigning for women’s liberation and rights,
in which in the 1960s and 1970s it focused on disassembling workplace
inequality, such as the refusal of access to better jobs and salary favoritism.
This movement was sparked in 1966 when Betty Friedan formed the National
Organization for Women (NOW), which was an effect caused by a best-selling
book, Feminine Mystique who Betty Friedan published on 1963, this movement was
known as the second wave of feminism. The women’s movement goals were to elucidate,
establish, and achieve equal political, economic, cultural, personal, and
social rights for women, which incorporated seeking to establish equal opportunities
for women in education and employment. In the assigned reading written by Ruth
Rosen, “The Women’s Movement,” it is mentioned that the movement was divided
into two factions, the liberal and the radical. Although, the women’s movement
seemed logical and desirable, not everyone was pro women liberation and rights,
which led to some accomplishments and some failures.

As
has been mentioned, Ruth Rosen mentioned two different factions which complemented
and opposed each other, since they possessed divergent views. For instance, the
liberals focused on issues such as equal pay for equal work, education, and political
rights. In other words, the liberals primary goal was gender equality. Liberals
also had different methods from radicals, which was that they tended to rely on
state and political rights to gain equality. On the other hand, radicals wanted
not to integrate women into the American mainstream, but to liberate them. Ruth
Rosen mentions that radical women raised issues that liberals mostly avoided,
such as, lesbianism, abortion, and violence regarding women. Their methods of
action towards the women’s movement were by protesting and by raising awareness
of women’s oppression. Their methods were distinct than of the liberals because
they believed that political action was a patriarchal institution, which they
wanted to dismantle. However, the women’s movement, either liberal or radical,
it did not speak for all women.

The
women’s movement biased to the minority, poor, and white working-class women
and was not approved by all women. The movement was bias to these women because
they always needed to work since they didn’t have the same opportunities as
white feminists, who had attended college. The women who did not approve of the
women’s movement were religious conservatives, that Donald T. Critchlow
mentions in “Against the Women’s Movement: The Defeat of the Equal Rights
Amendment and the Rise of the New Right.” He mentions that these women opposed
abortion and sex education because they were pro-life, pro morality, and pro American.
There were many related issues dealing with sex that bothered the religious
conservatives. Others who were against the women’s movement contemplated that
the movement was amusing, as well as the amendment that Congressman Howard Smith
announced. Those who were against women’s liberation movement argued not only
that they were pro-life and pro-morality, but that it caused neglection to their
children and to the home. Although, the women’s movement created oppositions,
it was able to succeed and have accomplishments, as well as failures.

The
women’s movement had several accomplishments, for instance, the Title VII of
the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which was the prohibition of discrimination based on
race, color, religion, sex, and national origin. Another accomplishment was the
Equal Pay Act of 1963, which required equal pay for women who did the same work
as men. Feminists also won the Supreme Court’s decision that abortion was a
constitutional right in the court case Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Bolton. They also
won the inclusion in groups covered by federal affirmative programs. Another
accomplishment they had was the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978, which
prohibited employment discrimination against pregnant women. The women’s
movement failed in which that today not all people see women as equal to men.

As
has been mentioned, the women’s movement made a profound impact towards women’s
right’s today, for if it weren’t for them, we wouldn’t have the same
opportunities as men have. For instance, we wouldn’t have the right to initiate
divorce proceedings, make individual decisions concerning pregnancy, equality
wages, among other rights. Although, liberals and radicals had different views
on the women’s movement they made a great contribution on the following eras,
which I as a woman, “Thank thee, Lord, that I was born a woman, for this day,”
as Ruth Rosen mentioned in her essay.