The scientific method is an orderly process entailing anumber of steps:1. Recognition and definition of a problem2. Formulation of hypotheses3. Collection of data4. Analysis of data5. Statement of conclusion regarding confirmationor disconfirmation of the hypothesesThis method is significant tobuild mostly thinking skills in educators and students. It allows us to analyzesituations that we find ourselves or students in if they don’t have an answer.
It also, lets us understand why things happen. If we know why things happen, itmakes it easier to know what we need to do about them. The scientific methodderives from a combination of two types of reasoning, Inductive and deductive.Inductive reasoning involves developing generalizations basedon observation of a limited number of related events or experiences. Whenstudents or teacher use inductive reasoning, they are going through the data orevidence to determine what the pattern may be. Example: Every one of Mrs. Bailey’s reading quizzes has been easy;therefore her reading test will be easy.Deductive reasoning is essentiallythe reverse process of inductive reasoning.
It arrives at a specific conclusionbased on general principles, observations, and experiences. Deductive reasoningis teaching students, and teachers to look for information before deciding onthe right one. Below is an activity to show great deductive reasoning skills.This activity was used in a second- grade math class.Activity:Use coinsPlace a quarter, nickel, dime and penny in the center of a circleof students.Make these statements.1.
The coin I am thinking of is silver in color.2. The coin I am thinking of is not the largest in size.3. The coin I am thinking of is bigger than a dime in size.Answer: Can you use deductive reason skills to figure the answer?What I did realize is how much I have used thescientific method in my classroom without even knowing. Before, I thought ofscientific reasoning only used in a science class with an experiment.
Who elsedid not realize that they were using the scientific method in their classroomwhen trying to solve a problem?