The profession of psychology is about the study of the human mind, including all of its functions, most notably those affecting behavior in a given context. Psychologists help a wide variety of people and can treat many kinds of problems. Study of the mind and behavior dates back to the ancient civilizations. People can work in the psychology field with various degree levels, but those who want to practice individually need advanced schooling. The work environment for psychologists is within private practice most often. The median annual salary for psychologists is approximately $84,968. The study of psychology gives individuals a broad range of skills that range from both the arts and science and open up opportunities with a variety of employers. Psychologists must possess a doctoral degree in order to observe, interpret, and support people mentally, emotionally, and socially. Psychologists scientifically study human behavior and brain function. Neuroscience is commonly mistaken for psychology, but neuroscience is the study of the nervous system. The need for both neuroscience and psychology has been debated in the past. People feel that students could learn everything they need to know about psychology by just studying neuroscience, because you cannot have a mind without a nervous system. However, psychology analyzes the mind and behavior which cannot be fully grasped by studying the nervous system alone. Psychologists analyze and explain thoughts, emotions, feelings, and behavior. They use procedures such as observation, assessment, and experimentation to create theories about the beliefs and feelings that impact people of any age. Psychologists also collect information and classify behavior with controlled laboratory experiments, psychoanalysis, or psychotherapy. They also conduct personality, performance, aptitude, or intelligence tests by looking for patterns of behavior or relationships between milestones and downfalls, and they use this information when testing theories in their research or when treating patients. It is known that psychologists ask an inordinate amount of questions; they ask questions to detect depression, suicidal thoughts, causes of downfalls, threats, and how the patient has previously coped with these problems. They must identify psychological, emotional, behavioral, or organizational issues and diagnose disorders before they can begin suggested ways to help. Figuring out if the patient has suffered from depression before, if they have ever been suicidal, and if they have ever been through a life-scaring experience. Behavioral patterns are essential to record; psychologists must figure out what they need to do to stop bad patterns and cycles for their patients. Being open and flexible is an overlooked aspect of how to deal with patients. Society today is no longer a place where people automatically listen to the educated adults they are dealing with. Psychologists need to develop new, inventive solutions to help their patients, but make them realistic and comfortable for their specific lifestyle. There needs to be a balance of going outside of the box in their approach, and staying within their comfort zone. Another large factor of psychology is writing articles, research papers, and reports to share findings and educate others. Assisting patients through their problems and prescribing medication for diagnoses like depression are large aspects as well. Humans cannot physically see the processes such as thoughts, memories, dreams and perceptions, however, it is what makes the practice ongoing and theorized. Literally speaking, the brain is a certain amount of grey matter encased by the skull that controls thoughts, cognition, emotions, memories, dreams, perceptions, etc. but there is an entire world of study dedicated to what man cannot see, psychology. Although study of the mind and behavior dates back to the ancient civilizations, the first psychology laboratory was opened by Wilhelm Wundt in 1879. There have been many people that have completely changed the world of psychology including Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, B.F Skinner, and many more. Through 1883 to 1892: the first American psychology laboratory was established, the first titling of “professor of psychology” was given to James McKeen Cattell, and the American Psychological Association (APA) was founded. Functionalism, Psychoanalysis, and Structuralism were all founded in 1896, as well as the first psychology clinic. Functionalism focuses on the functions and acts of the mind instead of its internal capacity. Psychoanalysis was an influential therapy created by Sigmund Freud. His approach for psychoanalysis claims that people are motivated by dominant, spontaneous conflicts and drives. Sigmund Freud was an Austrian psychologist and philosopher that is known as the founder of psychology. Freud’s theories were very advanced for his time. (1856 – 1939) Many of his theories and techniques that helped psychology are still believed and used today. Sigmund also introduced his theory of psychoanalysis in The Interpretation of Dreams. This was the first of twenty-four books he wrote delving into such topics as the unconscious, techniques of free association, and sexuality as a controlling force in psychology of humans. Structuralism is the outlook that all mental background can be understood as a sequence of simple elements or events. Other topics and theories in psychology explored throughout history include; Behaviorism, The Child’s Conception of the World, The Neurotic Personality of Our Time, The Behavior of Organisms, The Psychoanalytic Treatment of Children, Epilepsy and the Functional Anatomy, The Nature of Prejudice, Biopsychology, Psychopharmacology, Humanistic Psychology, Syntactic Structures, and, The Selfish Gene. Many people throughout history influenced what psychology is today as it continues to grow and expand. Going into psychology after high school requires many educational milestones in college and licenses. Students must earn one of the following: bachelor’s, master’s, or doctoral degree. An undergraduate degree in psychology will not open up the opportunities that a master’s or doctoral degree can, however, there are many different career branches a student can go to after the four years including: sales representatives, advertising agents, psychiatric technicians, career counselors, probation and parole officer, writers, market researchers, child care workers, laboratory assistants, social service specialists, and teachers. A master’s degree in psychology is a graduate-level degree that typically is two to three years more years of study after an undergraduate degree. The two most common types of master’s degrees in psychology are the Master of Arts (M.A.) and the Master of Science (M.S.). Although students have more opportunities with a master’s degree in the field of psychology than they would with only an undergraduate degree, there are more limited career options in this profession. A master’s opens up career paths including: mental health, industrial-organizational psychology, and forensic psychology, and employment in colleges, universities, private business, and government. Lastly, a doctoral degree in this profession takes four to seven years after the undergraduate degree. This degree provides the largest guarantee of opportunity and success for the student. Also, the required degree for license is typically a PsyD (Doctor of Psychology) or PhD (Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology), where the choice of degree will determine whether the career goal is in practice (PsyD) or research (PhD). The major difference between the two branches of this profession is the amount of priority placed on practical work. The Psy.D. is a clinical degree that comprises of practical work background as well as exams rather than a interminable dissertation. A Ph.D. is a research degree that involves extensive exams and a dissertation of an original research study. Licenses vary by the employee’s specific type of position and by state , but all psychologists must be licensed where they work. Typically, clinical and counseling psychologists are required to have an internship, a doctorate in psychology, and at least one to two years of professional experience. The Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology must also be passed. People can work in the psychology field with various degree levels, but those who want to practice individually need advanced schooling.