Thespecific name given to a group of different species of flowers that are onlypollinated by one pollinator are most likely called by the name of a guild.
Thecertain characteristics in the guild for all long-nosed flies are straighttubes on the long side, no odor, flowers with bright hues, and open throughoutthe day hours. Steiner as well as Johnson came to the conclusion that the fliesadapted to the hard to reach pools of the local plants. The insect’s preferenceto deep plant can be at disadvantage if they are unable to have access to thespecific plants. As organisms evolve they can adapt to be able to experimentoutside their definite guild and be able to feed of a different species ofplants. For years, scientists have studied different types of guilds and insecthabits, but they can’t always know for sure what plant the insect might feedoff. Eventhough some African flies are smaller in body size than hawk moths, they stillcarry a larger tongue on their little body. If a fly’s nose is around or longerthan seventy five percent of an inch, then they are classified as long-nosed.Thus, Africa is technically swarming with around twelve or more different typesof species that are long-nosed.
Most of these flies are separated into twoseparate and different categories being the nemestrinids and including thetebanids. The major difference between the two is that the first category onlyfeeds on the nectar and nothing else and the second feeds on nectar and somefemale carry some type of mouthpart to ingest blood from eggs that are in thedevelopment process. Theprocess of coevolution could revolutionize the evolution of new plant withharder to reach pools or insects with longer proboscises. They have a specialbond that attracts them together and keeps the insects pollinating the flower,thus keeping the process of evolution evolving and the bond between theirrelationship growing more every day. Darwin has had luck with is predictions ofthe coevolution theory between insects and flowers. He has evidence of hos theoryas insects with long noses as nine inches long have been captured in order tobe examined and to investigate its relationship to the plant morganii.
Theydidn’t necessary see the insects when he feed on the plant, but the predictionsand investigations highly suggest that it does occur. Although, he has provenother plant and flower relationships to specific types. Like, the Africanlong-nosed is particularly attracted to a specific plant.Mega-nosed flies are known to come from thesouthern part of Africa and it is widely known for an odd trait that you can’tmiss. It seems as its nose stretches for about four inches on its head, but itis actually a proboscis. It has an eerie place on the fly as it is positionedin between the trails and the legs, stretching past its body the size of anaverage bee. Even if it seems as if this long proboscis might be a problem, itis an advantage for the insect. The insect is able to take the nectar from flowersrelatively longer and deeper, unlike insects without the extra length to reachthe pools.
The main reason behind the extraordinary evolution of the deep tubesand the flies with long noses is a term best referred to as coevolution. Theplant makes the nectar more exclusive by having it in a deep place, thus it isharder for organisms to have access to it. This type of existence between themcan have advantages to both of them in different ways. One good example of planthat is adapted to insects with long noses is the Malagasy orchid. It has itsnectar around about ne foot deep into the pool. As the pools reached deeper inthe flower, the proboscises of the insects would get longer and longer. Theyoccurred side-by-side and allowed for pollination to be successfully carriedthrough and evolved.