Theamount of population in India and with the diversity of the system that is atthree levels rural, town and city eradicating any problem becomes a challenge.This challenge of implementing new systems and policies at every level and itssuccess in the system is the cause of concern. There are numerous suggestionsdeduced from understanding the above system and it’s functioning in thecountry. The first and the foremost beginning from the reduction of the waste generationat the root level creating awareness amongst Rubbishand its collections form the foremost objective of the structure of wastemanagement system. Sorting it and defining the processing to be implemented onthe same in accordance to its capacity is also available today with thetechnology.
There is no single method that can be implemented. Comprehending the waste generated also a crucialstep of all. The classification of waste is not on solid, municipal etc but isalso on the basis of composition of waste and also its percentages, Source andpoint of collection. Focussing on the composition of waste and its percentage,the components can be further classified into plastics, organic, recyclable,glass, papers, metals, and hazardous components. Additionally the percentage ofthe composition may vary from area to area as in the sources like household,industry, markets etc.
under the point of collection an immediate collectionand a communal collection are the two ways which in a country like India is quitevaried. The immediate collection is achieved for higher to middle incomesection of people wherein door o door collection of waste is provided. Thesufferers are the lower income people, who without this service and lack ofknowledge allow the waste to decompose or directly send it to the dump withoutbeing processed or sorted.
At this stage many solutions need to be provided.Beginning from services to all initiatives need to be taken from the governmentthe housing societies on educating the people of the higher and middle incomepopulation on reduction of waste generation first and also on dividing thewaste into fractions of reusability, recyclibity, organic waste and wet waste. Frequentcollection of waste from the lower income areas and proper collection isimperative. This would not only reduce the diseases from spreading but willalso ensure proper disposal of wastes through appropriate processing andchannels. The involvement of NGOs at this stage becomes decisive.
Knowledge ofwaste disposal and how it is affecting the health and welfare of the beings inthe vicinity would ensure an extended stream of support.