The Psalms and Hebrew Poetry

author of the Psalms
David, the second king of Israel

where David’s life can be found
Samuel I and II

why was David anointed
David was anointed by the prophet Samuel to be the second king of Israel

who was selected as the Saul’s replacement
David

Saul
the first king of Israel
disobeyed God

David
son of Jesse of Bethlehem
youngest of Jesse’s eight sons
Shepard

what David did
Slew the Philistine giant, Goliath with a sling and stone
Played the harp and was a singer in Saul’s court
Most successful warrior in the ancient Israeli army

Psalms
English translation of the Greek word psalmos
Translation of Hebrew term mizmor- “song, poem”

Psalmos
refer to poetry that was to be accompanied by a stringed instrument.

Greek Septuagint
Psalmos was the title of this book
The Hebrew title is Tehillim, “praises”

Psalter
Book of Psalms is also referred to as this especially in a liturgical context

Solomon
David’s son who built the first temple in Jerusalem m

critical dates
11th century – 722 BCE

How Psalm 72 opens
“the prayers of David, son of Jesse, have ended”
Solomon collected the Psalms and passed them down to others

I Chronicles 15:16
When King David led the Ark of the Covenant up to Jerusalem

II Chronicles 7:6
The dedication of the first temple in Jerusalem by King Solomon

transmission of the Psalms
Transmitted within the third division of the Hebrew Bible, the Writings
In the Christian Old Testament it’s found within Poetry and Wisdom Literature

how many Psalms in the Hebrew Bible (or Old Testament)
150

how many Psalms in the Greek Septuagint
151

Types of Hebrew Poetry
Synonymous Parallelism
Antithetic Parallelism
Synthetic Parallelism
Eclectic Parallelism
Chiasm

Synonymous Parallelism
the central thought in one line is repeated in another

Antithetic Parallelism
the thought in one line is strengthened by a contrasting thought in another

Synthetic Parallelism
the thought in one line bears a relationship with one another (cause and effect)

Electric Parallelism
a combination of forms

Chiasm
a pattern that forms an X