The Psalms and Hebrew Poetry

author of the Psalms
David, the second king of Israel

where David’s life can be found
Samuel I and II

why was David anointed
David was anointed by the prophet Samuel to be the second king of Israel

who was selected as the Saul’s replacement

the first king of Israeldisobeyed God

son of Jesse of Bethlehemyoungest of Jesse’s eight sonsShepard

what David did
Slew the Philistine giant, Goliath with a sling and stonePlayed the harp and was a singer in Saul’s courtMost successful warrior in the ancient Israeli army

English translation of the Greek word psalmosTranslation of Hebrew term mizmor- “song, poem”

refer to poetry that was to be accompanied by a stringed instrument.

Greek Septuagint
Psalmos was the title of this bookThe Hebrew title is Tehillim, “praises”

Book of Psalms is also referred to as this especially in a liturgical context

David’s son who built the first temple in Jerusalem m

critical dates
11th century – 722 BCE

How Psalm 72 opens
“the prayers of David, son of Jesse, have ended”Solomon collected the Psalms and passed them down to others

I Chronicles 15:16
When King David led the Ark of the Covenant up to Jerusalem

II Chronicles 7:6
The dedication of the first temple in Jerusalem by King Solomon

transmission of the Psalms
Transmitted within the third division of the Hebrew Bible, the WritingsIn the Christian Old Testament it’s found within Poetry and Wisdom Literature

how many Psalms in the Hebrew Bible (or Old Testament)

how many Psalms in the Greek Septuagint

Types of Hebrew Poetry
Synonymous ParallelismAntithetic ParallelismSynthetic ParallelismEclectic ParallelismChiasm

Synonymous Parallelism
the central thought in one line is repeated in another

Antithetic Parallelism
the thought in one line is strengthened by a contrasting thought in another

Synthetic Parallelism
the thought in one line bears a relationship with one another (cause and effect)

Electric Parallelism
a combination of forms

a pattern that forms an X