The last phase of third triangle is peacekeeping, it means maintaining peace and assuring that there is power and forceto help keep the established peace and forbidding the reoccurrence. Peacekeeping mention to ending direct violence. Galtung’s defined negative peace asthe peace that does not resolve the root of the problem, but positive peace asthe peace that resolves the root of the problem. Anothermodel escalation and de-escalation of conflict. The conflict started fromdifference between two parties. Contradiction refers to the root of conflict.In addition this lead to the polarizations between two parties. Polarizations createviolence against each other.
Violence stagemakes war between two parties this stage is the master point of escalation. Theconflict should transformation to de-escalation phase to create ceasefire tostopping direct violence or to war limitation between the two disagreements parties.The de-escalation starting after creating ceasefire and agreement between twoparties.
The stage of normalizing and reconciliation are to completely end theconflict between two parties. Sierra Leone is placed on the coast ofWest Africa. The North of Sierra Leone is Guans. The south of Sierra Leone isLiberian. Britain occupied till 1961. Sierra Leone Gained independence in 1961.CommunitySierra Leone we can say that is a tribal community, but the Tamani and Manditribes are competing for an authority.
The largest of these tribal are theTemne making up 35% and the Mende making up 31%. The majority of Sierra Leone’spopulation is Muslim. Muslim making up 62%, Christians making up 28%, and otherbeliefs such as Hindus, atheists, and Jews making up 10%.Sierra Leone has awealth of natural resource, especially diamond, gold, clean water, arable lands. Joseph Momoh waspresident of Sierra Leone In 1985-1992 executing as dictatorial government.Joseph Momoh Government system was seen as corrupt, and people blame thegovernment of not looking out the best of the people. Conflict started inSierra Leone. According to micro analysis this conflict is asymmetric conflictbetween government and group of Revolutionary United Front (RUF).
Thedifference started when Joseph Momoh governed in Sierra Leone, because he wasexecuting as dictatorial government. Themain cause for this contradiction was to gain power of the Sierra Leone, andits diamond fields. The polarization phase started between government with armygroup of (RUF) and other army groups, and both of them crated violence againsteach other and against people. This was the opening of 11 year civil war. Thecivil war taking place in 1991-2002 in Sierra Leone when the RevolutionaryUnited Front (RUF) supported from the Special Forces of Charles Taylor’s NationalPatriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL), Charles he is 2nd president ofLiberia, intervened in Sierra Leone to overthrow the Joseph Momoh government.Many people have been killed during civil war.
(RUF) its aim to control over thecountry and diamonds field.majority of its fighters and followers are fromMende tribe. Non-state actors as one of character of this conflict for example,Muammar Gaddafi supported (RUF) solider, he took diamond in return for weapons.Charles Taylor 2nd president of Liberia supported (RUF).
In 1992president Joseph momoh overthrew in military coup led by Captain ValentineStrasser. Ahmad Tejan Kabban elected president in 1996; he signed peace with(RUF). This peace is negative peace because of does not