The social and ethnic fabric of British society

The social and ethnic fabric of British society changed forever as the
result of the Second World War. After the world war, there was a
pressing need to start the economy by increasing export (Booth 1989) the
country desperately needed additional labour to supplement its own
workforce if production target needed to be met which pioneer
commonwealth citizens answered initially from West Indies and later from
Africa, India and Pakistan. However much of life in Britain during that
time faced a post-war housing shortage in London and other large cities
where many of the newcomers chose to live and work. The British public
viewed their arrival to be unwelcome, as the result black and Asian
immigrants found suitable jobs hard to come by and faced difficulties in
the search for housing. This was due to the prejudicial mindset of many
indigenous populations, people from all social classes who regarded
dark skin tone as a sign of inferiority. (in 1997 the killers were
recorded talking hatred toward black people and ethnic minority)Introduction In
this country at least, racial discrimination is not a field in which
the government action can make much difference (Whitfield 2006). The
death of Stephen Lawrence in 1993 on an unprovoked racist attack, the
metropolitan was branded as institutionally racist showing the
subsequent failure of the police investigation which shocked the British
society and subsequently changed the British criminal system. During
this assignment I will be discussing to what extent has the relationship
between people of colour and the police has improved since the
Macpherson report, if it has improved at all; using statistic and
reports I will analyse the data collected from the home office of stop
and search, death while in custody since the Stephen Lawrence case to
see if there are any changes in how police uses their power, are there
racially targeting individuals, has the police changed fundamentally. Policing
in England and Wales has been regularly surrounded in recent decades by
the accusation of discriminatory treatment and practice in relation to
local minority ethnic communities. The most significant of these in
recent time was the events surrounding the investigation of the murder
of Stephen Lawrence in London, Eltham in 1993. Stephen Lawrence was not
the first black teenage victim he also was not the last, however, his
case was a racist killing and sparked a monumental change in British
society. His death catapulted the metropolitan failings into the
headlines following a flawed early investigation ( Macpherson 1999) the
case attained increasing political momentum (Rock 2004), becoming both
symbolic of the problem of racist violence in Britain and the inadequacy
of policies to address it, and the focus of concerns about problematic
police-community relation more broadly (Bowling 1999; Downes and Morgan
2002) providing the British society a moment of reflection and the
ability to discuss the existent of racism and discrimination in society
but also institutions, 23 years on even though Britain is a less racist
country than it was 23 years ago, we still have a long way to go because
there are still police officers who are institutionally racist. In 23
years despite the Macpherson, there is a constant debate between ethnic
minorities and the police in the policy of stop and search which many
British teenagers still fight the injustice of being stopped simply
because of the colour of their skin. When combining the home office data
of the metropolitan statistic it shows that the metropolitan police is
intuitionally racist when comparing the stop and search that resulting
in arrest from England and wales compare to the metropolitan for 2009/10
the statistic show lower proportions of White arrestees in the
Metropolitan Police force (49% of all arrests) compared with England and
Wales (80%) while the picture is reversed for other ethnic groups. The
proportion of Black and Black British arrestees in the Metropolitan
Police area (27% of all arrestees) is higher than in England and Wales
(8%). Similarly, the proportion of Asian and Asian British arrestees in
the Metropolitan Police (11%) exceeds that of England and Wales (6%).
Comparing this to the current statistic of 2015/16, there were 5 stop
and searches for every 1,000 White people in England and Wales, while
there was 31 stop and searches for every 1,000 Black people. in 2015/16,
the biggest difference in rates of stop and search between Black and
White people was in Dorset, where Black people were 19 times more likely
to be stopped and searched than White people. The next biggest
difference was found in Sussex, where Black people were 10 times more
likely to be stopped and searched than White people, Durham was the only
area where White people were more likely to be stopped and searched
compared to Black people they were 1.2 times more likely. 2 years on
(The Guardian 2017) states that stop, and search is eight times more
likely to target black people even though official figures show that the
use of stop and search has fallen by 21% in 2017 to just 304,000 which
is the lowest number since 2002. But stops of white people dropped by
28%, while for minority ethnic people the fall was just 11% indicating
that ethnic people have still search more often than white people.