The GenevaConventionsAt present, There are now four Geneva Conventions. Thesewere created in 1949. They cater for the armed forces, whether they are on landand at sea, prisoners of war, and civilians. they set out what you can andcan’t do during times of conflict to defend people who are helpless anddefenceless.
The symbols that are recognised as being from the Geneva Conventionsare the red cross which stands on a white background. With the aim ofprotecting people in times of war, these flags cannot be used during war orpeaceful times, unless it is to recognise or defend medical staff,establishments or certain materials that is defended by the Conventions. Everyone of them have now been acknowledged by practically every State on theplanet. UK approved the four Conventions in 1957. 2 new Protocols were created in 1977 during a diplomaticconference. The First Protocol adds to the Conventions, contemplating currentmethods for war and transport. It also aimed to provide further protection to civilians.The Second Protocol gives a basic code of defence for soldiers and civilians amidstcivil wars.
The first Geneva Convention (“for the Amelioration ofthe Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces and Field”) and the second GenevaConvention (“for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick andShipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea”) both symbolise the fundamentalthought which prompted the establishing of the Red Cross: if an individual fromthe military is injured or sick and no longer able to fight for their cause, heis not part of the armed forces and are therefore in need of being sheltered.The principle purposes of the first two Conventions are: peoplewho are sick, injured and shipwrecked must be sufficiently watched over.Belligerents must treat their adversaries that are injured, sick or shipwreckedas if they were in their own team. Ifpeople to end up dying, the correct procedure is to retrieve all dead bodies assoon as possible.
This is because the quicker that this is done, the quickertheir cause of death can be confirmed, they are less at risk of being robbedand their bodies can be returned to their families sooner. There must not beany intentional damage caused to medical equipment, buildings or vehicles (ambulances).This rule applies even if the vehicles or buildings do not have any patients inthem at the time as it could hinder the treatment of future patients.The third Geneva Convention is entitled “Relative tothe Treatment of Prisoners of War”. It provides cover for people from thearmed forces that are in enemy territory. If this is the case, they are notlawfully controlled by the enemy team but the State that the enemy teamrepresent.
The fourth Genevaconvention is entitled ”. The fundamental element of this convention is thatthe fact that anyone who isn’t servingfor the armed forces is a civilian must be clearly known. Attacks of anykind, particularly those without any motivation behind them are not allowedunder any circumstances. Military organizationsmust prevent attacks on their weapons or territories, in any way they can.
This is because it would in turn lowerthe amount of civilians who are injured or killed by the enemy organization. Civilians must not be used as ‘shields’in any way i.e. to prevent a military organization from being attacked.
Civilians from the opposing organizationcannot be starved in order to hinder their existence in any way or to damagetheir environment.