The impact ofVoltaire in pre-revolution France is unfathomable. Francois-Marie Arouet was aFrench historian, philosopher and most importantly an enlightenment writer. Hewas one of the greatest and powerful writers whose writing effected thepsychology of the common people around the world and they became aware abouttheir situation in contrast to the elites.
Thesisstatement: Voltaire was a pioneer who first advocatedfor freedom in all aspects by separating the power of Church and state. Voltairewas the most reasonable writer of his time who influenced the ideology of thephilosophers and introduced the enlightenment through liberal and naturalviews. Voltaire published ‘Treatise on Tolerance’ where he outlinedhis specific form of deism (Madigan 2017).
It was a natural religion that most of the philosophes adopted and shaped forfitting their own ideas. Voltaire believed that the religion is the reasonbehind most inhuman crimes.Voltaire was ahuge supporter of the empiricism. Unlike the English philosophers,he began to be critical. He tried for developing a French philosophyinfluenced by empiricism. Voltaire wanted the humanity to be led by experience(Dominiczak 2015). Voltaire wantedhis nation to be changed and liberal like England.
Most of his Lettersproposed to acknowledge the views of John Locke and Newton. Candide, by Voltairewas a satire in which he has stepped outside the stage of the Enlightenment aswell as made fun of many of the crucial elements among which was that man canimprove himself along with his environment. Voltaire used to questionhis own beliefs and shifted from the optimistic view to a pessimistic viewwhich created path for revolution in 1789.The views ofVoltaire largely manipulated the views of the French people in 1700. He was thefirst philosopher in France who attempted to define a natural religion. Hewas critical of the fanaticism and dogma associated with contemporary religiousheads.
According to the text, “Voltaire took religious fanaticism as his chieftarget and believe once fanaticism has corrupted the mind, the malady is almostincurable. … The only remedy for this epidemic malady is the philosophicalspirit” (Hunt, 2012, 589). His literatures had asignificant effect on the changes that led to French Revolution.