The American Revolution was the most significant revolution in history. It has the biggest influence on why the United States and its government is the way it is today. However, it didn’t being overnight. It took a matter of years before the British and their unfair ruling pushed the colonies over the edge. The Thirteen Colonies were first founded by people in England trying to escape religious persecution.
However, over time The British became more and more involved in their affairs that they began to be controlled by The British. The Americas had to rely on Britain for imported goods and supplies. In 1754 the French and Indian War took place. The war was between the American colonies and New France.The war lasted from 1754 to 1763, that’s why the war was also given the name of the Seven Years War. The war was very expensive and was a huge debt to the British government. However that was just the beginning of what the British government did to the American colonies.In 1764 the British government began to bring in more laws and taxes.
Starting with the the Sugar Act. The Sugar Act was the British’s attempt to gain tax revenue from the colonists to help pay for the war.The colonists resisted so the act was later repealed. Then the Stamp Act came about in 1765. This law was issued to raise revenues to support the British new military force. This ordered the use of stamped paper certifying the payment of taxes.
The colonists were very angry and felt that this threatened the basic rights of colonists as men. The colonists boycotted the products of the Stamp Act after Patrick Henry spoke against them. Later the Townshend Act in 1767. This act placed taxations on glass, lead, paints, paper and tea. The taxation was created in hopes to pay all the expenses in the colonies. However, the Colonists felt that this taxation was an abuse of power. This lead to an agreement to limit imports from Britain and in 1770 the British repealed all the Townshend taxations except on tea.
This also led to truce for about two years between the colonies and the British before the revolution. The breaking point for the Colonists was the Tea Act of 1773. The main purpose of this act was to save the faltering East India Company from bankruptcy.
This act eliminated import tariffs on tea entering England.Many people viewed this act as another act of tyranny because it left an earlier duty on tea entering the colonies in place. These acts initiated many protest.Many colonists began to protest against the new laws and taxes the British issued.
In 1765 the Sons of Liberty formed in Boston and spread throughout the colonies. The Boston Massacre occurred during a protest in Boston when a fight broke out and several colonists were shot and killed. In 1773 the British forced upon a ne tax on tea. Numerous patriots protested this act by boarding ships in the Boston harbor and dumping tea into the water. This event was known as the Boston Tea Party. After the protest the British was very upset and felt the colonies needed to be punished.
New laws came about that the people called the Intolerable Acts. On of the new laws in the Intolerable Act was the Boston Port Act. This Act was to shutdown the port of Boston for trade.British ships blocked the Boston harbor and this was punishment to everyone who lived in Boston even the people who were still loyal to them. This upset not just Boston but the other colonies.
These laws that were meant to punish the colonies did little to control the colonies and caused the colonies to become more united against the British. More colonists began to join the Sons of liberty and many other colonies sent supplies to help Boston during the blockade. In 1774 twelve of the thirteen colonies sent representatives for the First Continental Congress as a blunt response to the Intolerable Act. They also established a boycott of British goods. The Continental Congress tried sending a petition to King George III to repeal the act, however there was never a response. Soon after the war begins.
In 1775 the British army in Massachusetts were orders to disarm the American rebels and arrest their leader. Finally, the Revolutionary war began on April 19,1775. Fighting broke out between the two sides at the Battle of Lexington and Concord.
This battle kicked off the Revolutionary War. However, this battle was the one of many battles during the Revolutionary War. Moreover the colonists formally won the wars and won their independence.