The architecture of the city is Rossi’s famous work of architectural and urban theory. Rossi in this book trying to describe and renew the meaning of ‘architecture of the city’ with a concentration on ”urban artifacts”: a city’s statues, highways and roads, neighborhoods, and geographical features that give the meaning of the part of a city’s culture or locus. Also it is a polemical work as an important primer for the reintroduction of the concept of a ”type” as well as critique of ”native functionalism”.(The Architecture of the city, 1966)Rossi is essentially overthinking with the layout of a city which is the overview of its architecture and the layout can help predict the city’s problems. First, Rossi said that a city is a manmade object by a hard-work of engineers and architects.
Next, as urban artifacts characterized by their own history and form. It is an analytical material from the urbanization. An example that Rossi chooses to explain is Palazzo della Ragione in Padua. The Palazzo as Rossi states, forms the City, its function varied throughout the years, and it has historical value. The remarkable and significant of Urban Artifacts depend on their layout which is affected by time and space and by being confirmed as a work of art, because they are related to space, events and the form of the City.However, the quality and uniqueness of urban are from their characteristics as works of art, not only the space and time the works of art has existed.
According to Rossi, the urban artifact as a work of art have a close connection to a specific place, event and form in the city. Rossi criticizes the study of “Camillo Sitte since Sitte, although, adding “beauty” as a criterion in his study, reduced the meaning of the city to a narrow and handy cipher which is insufficient to grasp the city as a concrete form and overall experience.” Comparing this to the form of art in Thailand, The democracy Monument or the Victory Monument it is powerful beautiful significant but stands alone. Non if the teenagers care of why they were built or the true meaning that lies within them, how sad.
Refer to reducing metropolitan problems, which are not the problem of localization and the changes in localization have nothing to do with the quality of urban artifacts. Furthermore, he even point out that the first elements could be built by a change of housing a good example can be examine from the work of Leonardo da Vinci’s plan and the project of the Adam brothers for the Adelphi residential district. Since the city chooses its own displays by its political institution, the sign of citizenry’s will, Rossi are very concerns that politics are actually the problems of choice. In addition, he says that politics shows the real semblance in the urban artifacts because every one believes everything in the city as a prediction of the city’s progress, as seen from the cases of Athens, Rome, and Paris.To conclude this Aldo Rossi works is to analyze and understand the city with regard to the architecture of the city is itself influenced using its historical methods to fight the Modernism’s concept of the City.
He assumes the City to be architecture which is a construction over time. As the author said, “this book is a corner stone of urban studies rather than the perfect theory and it will be gradually completed by supplements of new considerations related to the city. Rossi He also mentions the multiple forces within the Urban Artifacts in the City.”