The Wonderful World of Poetry

a brief reference to a person, event, or place, real or fictitious, or to a work of art. It can also be a casual reference to famous historical or literary figure or event. It may be drawn from history, geography, religion, or literature

the implied meaning of a word

the literal, dictionary meaning of a word

Figurative Language
the non-literal interpretation of language. It often draws comparisons between things

exaggeration or overstatement

language that evokes one or all of the five senses

an implied discrepancy between what is stated and what is meant. The words used convey the opposite of what they literal mean; a statement or situation where the meaning is contradicted by the appearance or presentation of the idea

Dramatic Irony
when the audience perceives something that the literary characters do not

Situational Irony
discrepancy between the expected result and the actual result

Verbal Irony
when a writer states one thing but means something else

the comparison of two unlike things using like or as

the comparison of two unlike things by state that one thing is the other thing

two contradictory words placed together in a phrase (such as IcyHot)

Two opposing ideas that reveal a truth that at first seems contradictory (ex. my only love sprung from my only hate)

giving human qualities to inanimate objects

giving human qualities to animate objects (i.e. animals/insects)

an object that represents something abstract

Tenor (having to do with symbol)
the underlying idea that vehicle represents, (such as security or new beginnings)

Vehicle (having to do with symbol)
the item that is the physical object used for the symbol

the repetition of vowel sounds (fleet feet sweep by sleeping geeks)

the repetition of consonant sounds within words (let little buttons set together)

a word that imitates the sound it describes (splash, buzz)

a line or group of lines that is repeated throughout a poem, usually after one or more stanzas in a specific pattern

a pattern of words that contain similar sounds

End Rhyme
words that sound the same at the end of the lines (create rhyme scheme usually)

Internal Rhyme
words that rhyme within a line of poetry

Feminine Rhyme
when words with two syllables rhyme (little/spittle)

Masculine Rhyme
when words with one syllable rhyme, (ton/spun)

Rhyme Scheme
the pattern of stressed and unstressed sounds to create a definite movement in a regular motion, which consists of feet and beats

the smallest unit of repeated pattern of stressed and unstressed

the number of feet per line

Blank Verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter. each line usually has ten syllables and five of the syllables are stressed

Epic Poetry
a long, dignified narrative poem which gives the account of a hero important to his nation or race, ie

Free verse
unrhymed lines without a regular rhythm

a lyric form that represents the poet’s impression of a natural object or scene, viewed at a particular season or month, in exactly seventeen syllables (three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables)

Lyric poetry
subjective, reflective poems with a regular rhyme scheme and meter which reveals the poet’s thoughts and feelings to created a single, unique expression

a simple, narrative verse which tells a story to be sung or recited

a poem of lament, meditating on the death of an individual

an elaborate lyric verse which deals seriously with a dignified theme

Narrative poetry
non-dramatic, objective poetry with a regular rhyme scheme and meter which tells a story

a rigid, fourteen-line verse with variable structure and rhyme scheme according to type

Shakespearean (English) sonnet
three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter

Petrarchan (Italian) sonnet
an octave and a sestet between which a break in though occurs

the comparison between two pairs that have a similar relationship, such as describing step-by-step how writing a poem is akin to building a house

two lines of poetry in a row that have end rhyme

three lines of poetry in a row that have end rhyme

Iambic Pentameter
a meter in which there are five iambic feet, unstressed/stressed syllable pattern, in a line

the arrangement of a line of poetry by the number of syllables and the rhythm of accented syllables

the unusually humorous use of a work in such a way as to suggest two or more of its meaning or the meaning of another word is similar in sound; deliberate confusion of words

a unified group of lines in poetry

the persona the poet adopts to speak through in his or her poem

the emotional state created from the phrasing or actions in a text

the attitude a writer takes toward a character or subject

the placement of two things next to one another, whether it be images, words, or thematic ideas

A form of parallelism in which the beginning word or phrase in each line/clause is prepeated

the structure of phrases/clauses/lines that is the same

objects, types of characters, plots, conflicts, themes, or situation that are used across cultures and times

when an absent person, and abstracted object, or an important object is directly addressed (such as when a poet says, Oh come with me my love…)

a natural break or pause in the middle of a line

the continuation of a sentence or clause over a line-break

the opposition or contrast of ideas in a balanced parallel construction

the shifting of the first letter(s) of words or the words themselves so that it changes the meaning of the words and sentence for a humorous effect

the insight into life that a poet expresses through a poem

ideas or literary elements that are repeated in a text